The Rise and Fall of the Chhattisgarh Mines Shramik Sangh and Its Cooperative Movement

  • Timothy Kerswell
  • Surendra Pratap


We explain the rise and fall of the Chhattisgarh Mines Shramik Sangh. We argue the union’s decline was not an inevitable result of globalization, but was the result of certain key weaknesses in leadership structure, and some of its strategy and tactics. CMSS built a powerful cooperative movement with an influence well beyond industrial unionism. CMSS advocated for 24/7 unionism, the idea that the union should be an important part of the workers’ lives always, particularly when organizing contract labourers. The history of CMSS demonstrates the importance of choosing the right strategy to respond to changing political and economic circumstances as a vital part of building an effective social movement union. Among its other problems, CMSS did not respond adequately to India’s liberalization.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy Kerswell
    • 1
  • Surendra Pratap
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Government and Public AdministrationUniversity of MacauTaipaMacao
  2. 2.Center for Workers EducationNew DelhiIndia

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