• Timothy Kerswell
  • Surendra Pratap


During global capitalism’s sustained crisis, there is a revival of discussions about alternative economies and, especially, cooperatives. There are broadly two types of such initiatives. One limits cooperatives within the framework of capitalism, a safety valve creating an illusion among the working classes of the possibility of prosperity. The alternative discourse targets transcendence of capital and capitalism. Such movements emerge as a political, economic, social and cultural movement rather than a purely economic movement.

In the present era of imperialism stands the pernicious view that ‘there is no alternative to capitalism’. Alternatives create hope, but their absence creates pessimism. In the current era, creating alternative collective institutions gains added relevance. Our book critically analyses the transformative potential of some cooperative movements in India.


  1. Ciccariello-Maher, George. 2016. Building the Commune. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  2. Creswell, J. W. 2005. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (2nd Edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.Google Scholar
  3. Foster, J. B. 2014. Mészáros and the Critique of the Capital System: Foreword to the Necessity of Social Control. Monthly Review, Vol 66, Iss 07 (December).Google Scholar
  4. Kerswell, Timothy and Pratap, Surendra. 2017. Some Reflections on Crisis of Left in India. Marxism21. Vol 14, Iss 1. P366.Google Scholar
  5. Kerswell, Timothy. 2012. Globalizing the Social Movements? Labor and the World Social Forum. Theory in Action. Vol 5, Iss 3. 73–92Google Scholar
  6. Marx, K and Engels, F. 1976. Selected Works, Volume One. Moscow: Progress Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Mészáros, István. 1995. Beyond Capital: Towards a Theory of Transition. New York: Monthly Review Press.
  8. Mészáros, István 2010. The Structural Crisis of Capital. New York: Monthly Review PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Antunes, Richard. 2010. Substance of Crisis, Introduction to Mészáros, István. 2010. The Structural Crisis of Capital. New York: Monthly Review PressGoogle Scholar
  10. Scipes, Kim. 2010a. AFL-CIO’s Secret War against Developing Country Workers: Solidarity or Sabotage?. Lanham, MD: Lexington BooksGoogle Scholar
  11. Scipes, Kim. 2010b. Why Labor Imperialism? AFL-CIO’s Foreign Policy Leaders and the Developing World. Working USA: The Journal of Labor and Society. Vol 13, No 4. 465–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Task Force on Social and Solidarity Economy (TFSSE). 2014. Social and Solidarity Economy and the Challenge of Sustainable Development: Executive Summary of a TFSSE Position Paper. UNRISD; Available from:

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy Kerswell
    • 1
  • Surendra Pratap
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Government and Public AdministrationUniversity of MacauTaipaMacao
  2. 2.Center for Workers EducationNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations