Hot Springs of India: Occurrence and Microbial Diversity

  • Manik Prabhu Narsing Rao
  • Lan Liu
  • Jian-Yu Jiao
  • Min Xiao
  • Wen-Jun LiEmail author
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 8)


Hot springs indicate where hot water is emitted from the Earth; they are situated in many parts of the world, and most of them are known for their medical importance. Extensive research has been conducted to understand their chemical composition and microbial diversity. This chapter focuses on some important Indian hot springs, their locations, components, and importance. Much emphasis is placed on understanding their microbial diversity, including culture dependent, as well as independent methods. This chapter also sheds light on various Indian hot spring’s uniqueness, novel strains that have been reported, and information regarding the genome sequence for strains that have been isolated from Indian hot springs. The bioactive molecules, such as enzymes and antibiotics obtained from hot springs, are also listed here.


Indian hot springs Culture-dependent study Culture-independent study Novel strains 



This work was supported by Science and Technology Infrastructure Project (No. 2015FY110100) and Key Project of International Cooperation of Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST) (No. 2013DFA31980), Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31470139 and 31600103), and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation No. 2017M612796. W-J Li was also supported by Guangdong Province Higher Vocational Colleges & Schools Pearl River Scholar Funded Scheme (2014).


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manik Prabhu Narsing Rao
    • 1
  • Lan Liu
    • 1
  • Jian-Yu Jiao
    • 1
  • Min Xiao
    • 1
  • Wen-Jun Li
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, School of Life SciencesSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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