Future Hydrologic Scenarios in India Under Climate Change

  • Tarul Sharma
  • Aditya Gusain
  • Subhankar KarmakarEmail author


It is evident that global warming and overexploitation of natural resources by the human interventions such as urbanization and irrigation have accelerated changes in the regional hydrological cycle. These changes result in more frequent and severe occurrence of hydro-climatic extremes such as floods and droughts, with devastating impacts on livelihood of the region. In order to understand the future hydrological response at a regional or watershed scale, it is important to understand the changes in several hydro-meteorological variables such as run-off, stream flow and precipitation under various climate change scenarios. However, quantification of the changes in hydro-meteorological variables and their associated uncertainties through an understanding of the global- and regional-scale factors under extreme climatic conditions makes it a rather challenging task. The key focus of this chapter is to understand the changes in regional hydrological response of different meteorological variables under the effect of changing climate and quantify the uncertainties in climatic projections under data-scarce conditions, over the Indian subcontinent. The chapter also reviews the impact of climate change on hydrological cycle and its effect on water availability and security, community livelihood under hydro-climatic extremes and agriculture.


Agriculture Climate change Hydrology Uncertainty Vulnerability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tarul Sharma
    • 1
  • Aditya Gusain
    • 2
  • Subhankar Karmakar
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Programme in Climate StudiesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Centre for Urban Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

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