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Leguminous Trees an Innovative Tool for Soil Sustainability

  • M. K. Jhariya
  • A. Banerjee
  • D. K. Yadav
  • A. Raj
Chapter

Abstract

World food production is to some extent dependent upon biological nitrogen (N) fixation (about 100 million tons per year globally) in agroecosystem. Legumes reflect multidimensional activity towards developing soil nutrient pool and improving soil fertility. Increased level of CO2 (0.04%) associated with addition of N in a system is dependent upon various abiotic (temperature, humidity, soil) and biotic (species interaction, resource partitioning, biotic interference) factors. As a consequence there may be a significant level of variation in the N cycle in different ecosystems. In comparison with cropland soils of Europe and North America, soils of India are strongly depleted of their N reserves. Such deficiency can be mitigated through the inherent N-fixing ability and improvement of soil condition by leguminous tree species. Such approaches also promote proper enhancement of forest floor biodiversity in terms of various living communities. Leguminous trees are often found to be a key instrument towards combating climate change due to their higher C sequestration potential and wide ecological amplitude at various conditions. Such potentiality often hampers the flourishment of legume trees in nature due to over exploitation and improper regeneration. Community-based natural resource management practices are the suitable solution for these problems. Exploration of areas with higher density of legumes and management of legumes in captivity and under natural condition needs to be prioritized. In this context appropriate research work should be aimed towards proper exploration of potentiality among leguminous vegetation in fixing atmospheric N. Wider application of such species has become a thrust area of research in modern science perspectives. All these issues are periodically reviewed with research-oriented database for the benefits of soil sustainability. The present chapter deals with the beneficial and multipurpose role of leguminous tree species towards soil sustainability and plant growth.

Keywords

C and N sequestration N fixation Nutrient pool Tree species 

Abbreviations

AMF

Arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi

BNF

Biological nitrogen fixation

C

Carbon

CO2

Carbon dioxide

FACE

Free-air CO2 enrichment

FAO

Food and Agricultural Organization

GHG

Greenhouse gases

INM

Integrated nutrient management

N

Nitrogen

NFP

Nitrogen-fixing potential

NFT

Nitrogen-fixing trees

OM

Organic matter

R&D

Research and development

SCP

Soil carbon pool

SNF

Symbiotic nitrogen fixation

SNP

Soil nitrogen pool

SOCP

Soil organic carbon pool

SOM

Soil organic matter

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. K. Jhariya
    • 1
  • A. Banerjee
    • 2
  • D. K. Yadav
    • 1
  • A. Raj
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Farm ForestrySarguja UniversityAmbikapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ScienceSarguja UniversityAmbikapurIndia
  3. 3.Department of ForestryCollege of Agriculture, I.G.K.V.RaipurIndia

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