South-South Cooperation: India’s Programme of Development Assistance

  • Jandhyala B. G. Tilak


India is described as an emerging donor. Actually India has started providing development assistance to developing countries immediately after independence. The amount of aid was relatively small, but grew over the years to a recognisable size. The purpose of this chapter is to review the long experience of India in the framework of development assistance which is laid in the foundational principles of South-South Development Cooperation (SSDC). Based on secondary data, the chapter provides an exhaustive account of India’s programme of development assistance, and a critical discussion of issues involved. The analysis shows that given certain unique features of its aid programme, India has a great potential to emerge as a major donor country, and even to rank among big traditional donor countries. It can also influence the global aid architecture. There are many lessons that others can learn from the “Indian model of aid”. However, there are certain problems and challenges that India has to address for it to become a major international player in the aid business. One of the most important problems refers to the absence of detailed information. The analytical and critical account of India’s aid programme presented here is hoped to provide valuable fresh insights to the whole issue and should be of considerable academic and policy value.


Training and development Aid for education Development cooperation Emerging donor ITEC Technical cooperation and development 



This is an extended version of Tilak (2013). The orginal version was presented in the International Symposium on Asian Emerging Donors and Japan in Education Sector Development Cooperation. Nagoya/Tokyo: Nagoya University and Japan International Cooperation Agency (October 25–26, 2012). The helpful comments and suggestions made by Kenneth King, N.V. Varghese, Shoko Yamada, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Bong, Gun Chung, Kenneth King and other participants of the symposium are gratefully acknowledged.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jandhyala B. G. Tilak
    • 1
  1. 1.New DelhiIndia

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