Advertisement

South-South Cooperation: India’s Programme of Development Assistance

  • Jandhyala B. G. Tilak
Chapter

Abstract

India is described as an emerging donor. Actually India has started providing development assistance to developing countries immediately after independence. The amount of aid was relatively small, but grew over the years to a recognisable size. The purpose of this chapter is to review the long experience of India in the framework of development assistance which is laid in the foundational principles of South-South Development Cooperation (SSDC). Based on secondary data, the chapter provides an exhaustive account of India’s programme of development assistance, and a critical discussion of issues involved. The analysis shows that given certain unique features of its aid programme, India has a great potential to emerge as a major donor country, and even to rank among big traditional donor countries. It can also influence the global aid architecture. There are many lessons that others can learn from the “Indian model of aid”. However, there are certain problems and challenges that India has to address for it to become a major international player in the aid business. One of the most important problems refers to the absence of detailed information. The analytical and critical account of India’s aid programme presented here is hoped to provide valuable fresh insights to the whole issue and should be of considerable academic and policy value.

Keywords

Training and development Aid for education Development cooperation Emerging donor ITEC Technical cooperation and development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This is an extended version of Tilak (2013). The orginal version was presented in the International Symposium on Asian Emerging Donors and Japan in Education Sector Development Cooperation. Nagoya/Tokyo: Nagoya University and Japan International Cooperation Agency (October 25–26, 2012). The helpful comments and suggestions made by Kenneth King, N.V. Varghese, Shoko Yamada, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Bong, Gun Chung, Kenneth King and other participants of the symposium are gratefully acknowledged.

References

  1. Agrawal, S. 2007. Emerging Donors in International Development Assistance: The Indian Case. Ottawa: IDRC, Partnership & Business Development Division.Google Scholar
  2. Agrawal, S. 2010. Emerging Aid Donors: India. NORRAG News, September, 43–45.Google Scholar
  3. Agrawal, S. 2012. Technical Training, Curriculum Support & Education Initiatives an Assessment of India’s Overseas Aid in Skills Development. Background Paper for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2012, 2012/ED/EFA/MRT/PI/17, Paris.Google Scholar
  4. Bijoy, C.R. 2010. India: Transiting to a Global Donor. http://www.realityofaid.org/userfiles/roareports/roareport_3ce2522270.pdf. Accessed 1 July 2014.
  5. Chanana, D. 2009. India As an Emerging Donor. Economic and Political Weekly 64 (12): 11–14.Google Scholar
  6. Chanana, D. 2010. India’s Transition to Global Donor: Limitations and Prospects. Real Instituto Eleana. http://www.realinstitutoelcano.org/wps/portal/rielcano_eng/Content?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/elcano/elcano_in/zonas_in/cooperation+developpment/ari123-2010. Accessed 1 July 2014.
  7. Chaturvedi, S. 2012. Aid from India, Coming to a Country Near You. The Hindu, September 4. http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/article3859607.ece. Accessed 10 July 2014.
  8. Davies, P. 2010. A Review of the Roles and Activities of New Development Partners. World Bank CFP Working Paper Series No. 4 (February), Washington, DC. http://www.mgdf.ru/eng/background. Accessed 10 Aug 2014.
  9. deRenzio, P., and J. Seifert. 2014. South-South Cooperation and the Future of Development Assistance: Mapping Actors and Options. Third Word Quarterly 35 (10): 1860–1875.Google Scholar
  10. Duclos, V. 2012. Building Capacities: The Resurgence of Indo-African Technoeconomic Cooperation. India Review 11 (4): 209–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dutt, S. 1980. Indian Aid to Co-developing Countries. Economic and Political Weekly 15 (14): 672–678.Google Scholar
  12. Fuchs, A., and K.C. Vadlamannati. 2012. The Needy Donor: An Empirical Analysis of India’s Aid Motives. Department of Economics, University of Heidelberg. http://www.economics.handels.gu.se/digitalAssets/1373/1373566_chaitanya.pdf [preliminary version]. Accessed 5 Jan 2013 [edited/abridged version in World Development 44 (April 2013): 110128].
  13. Grover, I. 2011. India a Non-DAC Partner: Contribution in Capacity Building and Training Human Resource. Rethinking Development in an Age of Scarcity and Uncertainty: New Values, Voices and Alliances or Increased Resilience. University of York. http://eadi.org/gc2011/grover-447.pdf. Accessed 5 Aug 2014.
  14. Horaváth, A. 2013. India as a Humanitarian Donor in the 21st Century. Paper Presented in the 27th BASAS Annual Conference, University of Leeds, April 3–5. http://www.gppi.net/fileadmin/media/pub/2013/Horvath_2013_BASAS_india.pdf. Accessed 5 Aug 2014.
  15. Kahin, G.M. 1956. The Asian–African Conference. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Kapoor, I. 2008. The Postcolonial Politics of Development. London: Routldege.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. King, K. 2010. Editorial: New Actors Old Paradigms? NORRAG News, September, No. 44. http://www.norrag.org/issues/article/1317/n/editorial-newactors–old-paradigms-%5b1%5d.html. Accessed 1 July 2014.
  18. Kondoh, H., T. Kobayashi, H. Shiga, and J. Sat. 2010. Diversity and Transformation of Aid Patterns in Asia’s “Emerging Donors.” JICA-RI Working Paper No. 21, JICA Research Institute, Tokyo. http://jica-ri.jica.go.jp/publication/assets/JICA-RI_WP_No.21_2010.pdf. Accessed 10 Mar 2015.
  19. Kragelund, P. 2011. Back to Basics? The Rejuvenation of Non-traditional Donors’ Development Cooperation with Africa. Development and Change 42 (2): 585–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kumar, R., M. Dickerson, and S. Tandon. 2012. South-South Cooperation: Aid Effectiveness and India. In Foreign Aid in South Asia: The Emerging Scenario, ed. S. Kelegama, 28–44. New Delhi: Sage.Google Scholar
  21. Langton, N. 2012. Emerging Economies Like India’s Make Aid Recipients the New Donors. In Asia (Asia Foundation). http://asiafoundation.org/in-asia/2012/02/29/emerging-economies-like-indias-make-aid-recipients-the-new-donors/. Accessed 20 Mar 2016.
  22. Mawdsley, E. 2012. From Recipients to Donors: Emerging Powers and the Changing Landscape. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  23. Ministry of External Affairs (MOE). 2015. The Development Partnership Administration. Government of India. http://www.mea.gov.in/development-partnershipadministration.htm. Accessed 5 Nov 2015.
  24. Mullen, R.D., and S. Ganguly. 2012. The Rise of India’s Soft Power: It’s Not Just Bollywood and Yoga Anymore. Foreign Policy. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/05/08/the_rise_of_indian_soft_power. Accessed 8 May 2014.
  25. Ninan, T.N. 2013. India as ‘Aid’ Giver. Business Standard. http://www.business-standard.com/article/opinion/t-n-ninan-india-as-aid-giver-113020200097_1.html. Accessed 2 Feb 2014.
  26. Oglesby, G. 2005. India’s Evolution from Aid Recipent to Humanitarian Aid Donor. Master’s thesis, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
  27. Park, K.-H. 2011. New Development Partners and a Global Development Partnership. In Catalyzing Development: A New Vision for Aid, ed. H. Kharas, K. Makina, and W. Jung, 38–60. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  28. Patel, N. 2011. India to Create Central Foreign Aid Agency. The Guardian, Global Development. http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2011/jul/26/india-foreign-aid-agency. Accessed 26 July 2014.
  29. Price, G. 2004. India’s Aid Dynamics: From Recipient to Donor? Asia Programme Working Paper, Chatham House, London.Google Scholar
  30. Price, G. 2011. For the Global Good: India’s Developing International Role. London: Chatham House.Google Scholar
  31. Ramachandran, V., and J. Walz. 2010. India Emerges As an Aid Donor. Centre for Global Development. http://blogs.cgdev.org/globaldevelopment/2010/10/indiaemerges-as-an-aid-donor.php. Accessed 10 July 2014.
  32. Reality of Aid Management Committee (RAMC). 2010. South-South Development Cooperation: A Challenge to the Aid System? In South-South Development Cooperation: A Challenge to the Aid System? The Reality of Aid Project. Quezon City: Ibon Books. http://www.realityofaid.org/roa-reports/index/secid/373/South-South-Development-Cooperation-A-challenge-to-the-aid-system. Accessed 10 July 2014.
  33. Roche, E. 2012. India Goes from Aid Beneficiary to Donor. Mint & the Wall Street Journal. http://www.livemint.com/Politics/BToxm8wd11xe45wSBbkqGO/Indiagoes-from-aid-beneficiary-to-donor.html. Accessed 1 July 2014.
  34. Rowlands, D. 2008. Emerging Donors in International Development Assistance: A Synthesis Report. Ottawa: IDRC.Google Scholar
  35. Roychoudhury, S. 2013. India’s External Aid: Lessons and Opportunities. Economic and Political Weekly 48 (36) (7 September): 22–26 .Google Scholar
  36. Sinha, P., and M. Hubbard. 2011. DAC (Traditional) & Non-DAC (Emerging) Donors at the Crossroads: The Problem of Export Credits. Paper Presented in the Seminar on Rethinking Development in an Age of Scarcity and Uncertainty: New Values, Voices and Alliances for Increased Resilience, University of York, September 19–22 (Work in Progress). http://www.bhamlive3.bham.ac.uk/Documents/college-social-sciences/government-society/idd/research/aid-data/problem-export-credits.pdf. Accessed 1 Nov 2015.
  37. Sinha, P., and M. Hubbard. 2012. The Non-DAC Donor’s Data Availability Index. International Development Department, University of Birmingham. http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/Documents/college-social-sciences/government-society/idd/research/aiddata/chapter1.pdf.
  38. Smith, K., T.Y. Fordelone, and F. Zimmermann. 2010. Beyond the DAC: The Welcome Role of Other Providers of Development Co-operation. DCD Issues Brief, May. http://www.oecd.org/dac/45361474.pdf.
  39. South Commission. 1990. The Challenge to the South: Report of the South Commission. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Standing Committee on External Affairs. 2012. Fourteenth Report of the Standing Committee on External Affairs: Ministry of External Affairs: Demands for Grants (2012–2013). New Delhi: Lok Sabha Secretariat. http://www.bihartimes.in/Newsbihar/2012/May/MEA%20Demand%20for%20Grants%202012-13.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2015.
  41. Tilak, J.B.G. 2013. South-South Cooperation: India’s Programme of Development Assistance Nature, Size and Functioning. Asian Education and Development Studies 3 (1): 58–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. UNDCF. 2013. South-South Cooperation: Issues and Emerging Challenges. In Conference of the United Nations Development Forum, New Delhi, April 15–16.Google Scholar
  43. United Nations Economic and Social Council (UNESC). 2008. Background Study for the Development Cooperation Forum: Trends in South-South and Triangular Development Cooperation. New York: United Nations Economic and Social Council.Google Scholar
  44. Walz, J., and V. Ramachandran. 2011. Brave New World: A Literature Review of Emerging Donors and the Changing Nature of Foreign Assistance. Working Paper No. 273, Center for Global Development, MA.Google Scholar
  45. Woods, N. 2008. Whose Aid? Whose Influence? China, Emerging Donors and the Silent Revolution in Development Assistance. International Affairs 84 (6): 1205–1221. http://www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/wp-content/uploads/ChinaNew%20per%20cent20donorsIA.pdf. Accessed 2 July 2014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yamada, S. 2013. Changing Environment of Education Sector Assistance: International Trends, Asian Donors and Japan. In International Symposium on Asian Emerging Donors and Japan in Education Sector Development Cooperation, Nagoya University and Japan International Cooperation Agency, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  47. Zimmermann, F., and K. Smith. 2011. More Money, More Actors, More Ideas for Development Co-operation. Journal of International Development 23 (5): 722–738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jandhyala B. G. Tilak
    • 1
  1. 1.New DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations