The Dilemma of Reforms in Financing Higher Education in India

  • Jandhyala B. G. Tilak


Higher education systems are increasingly starved of financial resources. India is not an exception. The recent trends in financing of higher education in India are indeed disturbing. Quite a few important proposals are being made in this context by national governments and international organisations. International experience will be of considerable importance in formulating new policies. In this chapter, a select few proposals are described, the national and international experience on the same is contrasted with each proposal, and the necessary lessons are drawn. It is shown that the suggestions that are being made for developing countries do not have empirical validity if the practices of the developed countries are taken to provide any guidance.


Subsidies state expenditure Costs recovery Fees Student loans Demand for higher education Basic education 



Keynote lecture delivered at the Round Table for Vice-Chancellors on University Management organised by the University Grants Commission and the Association of Indian Universities at the University of Mysore, Mysore (India) on 23–25 June 1995. Thanks are due to Armaity Desai and V. Madaiah for their kind observations on the lecture.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Jandhyala B. G. Tilak
    • 1
  1. 1.New DelhiIndia

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