Advertisement

Extraction of Cu and Zn from High-Grade Printed Circuit Board Scraps by Conventional and Hybrid Bioleaching

  • Anshu Priya
  • Subrata HaitEmail author
Conference paper

Abstract

The objectives of the present study were twofold: physicochemical characterization of PCBs from e-waste, viz. mobile phone, digital video disc (DVD) player, inverter, and subsequent assessment of bioleaching of selected metals from high-grade PCB. Cu was the most abundant metal among base metals, while content of Zn was high in mobile phone PCB. Thus, mobile phone PCB was selected as high-grade material and was subjected to bioleaching using pure culture of Acidiphilium acidophilum, with and without lemon juice with citric acid having chelating activity to simulate hybrid and conventional conditions, respectively. Results indicated increased recovery of both the metals in hybrid approach. Under hybrid condition, the maximum concentrations of Cu and Zn leached were 2.419 mg/L and 1.272 mg/L, respectively, while it was 0.424 and 0.132 mg/L in conventional approach at 15 days. These findings highlight potential of hybrid bioleaching in efficient metal recovery from e-waste.

Keywords

E-waste Printed circuit board Metals Conventional bioleaching Hybrid bioleaching Acidiphilium acidophilum 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India for fellowship grant (IF130860) for the research work.

References

  1. 1.
    Grossman, E.: High Tech Trash: Digital Devices, Hidden Toxics, and Human Health, pp. 336–352. Island Press, Washington, DC (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hicks, C., Dietmar, R., Eugster, M.: The recycling and disposal of electrical and electronic waste in China—legislative and market responses. Environ. Impact Assess. Rev. 25, 459–471 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Huang, K., Jie Guo, J., Xu, Z.: Recycling of waste printed circuit boards: a review of current technologies and treatment status in China. J. Hazard. Mater. 164, 399–408 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Basdere, B., Seliger, G.: Disassembly factories for electrical and electronic products to recover resources in product and material cycles. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 37, 5354–5362 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Das, A., Vidyadhar, A., Mehrotra, S.P.: A novel flowsheet for the recovery of metal values from waste printed circuit boards. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 53, 464–469 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Li, J., Shrivastava, P., Gao, Z., Zhang, H.C.: Printed circuit board recycling: a state-of-the-art survey. IEEE Trans. Electron. Packag. Manuf. 27, 147–222 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhou, Y., Qiu, K.: A new technology for recycling materials from waste printed circuit boards. J. Hazard. Mater. 175, 823–828 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, J., Lu, H., Guo, J.: Recycle technology for recovering resources and products from waste printed circuit boards. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 41, 1995–2000 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hageluken, C.: Recycling of electronic scrap at Umicore’s integrated metals smelter and refinery. World Metall. Erzmetall 59(3), 152–161 (2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Deng, W.J., Zheng, J.S., Bi, X.H., Fu, J.M., Wong, M.H.: Distribution of PBDEs in air particles from an electronic waste recycling site compared with Guangzhou and Hong Kong, South China. Environ. Int. 33, 1063–1069 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Niu, X., Li, Y.: Treatment of waste printed wire circuit boards in electronic waste for safe disposal. J. Hazard. Mater. 145, 410–416 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cui, J., Zhang, L.: Metallurgical recovery of metals from electronic waste: a review. J. Hazard. Mater. 158, 228–256 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dalrymple, I., Wright, N., Kellner, R.: An integrated approach to electronic waste (WEEE) recycling. Circuit World 33, 52–58 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ilyas, S., Ruan, C., Bhatti, H.N., Ghauri, M.A., Anwar, M.A.: Column bioleaching of metals from electronic scrap. Hydrometallurgy 101, 135–140 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Owens, C.V., Lambright, C., Bobseine, K.: Identification of estrogenic compounds emitted from the combustion of computer printed circuit boards in electronic waste. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 41, 8506–8511 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Atlas, R.M., Bartha, R.: Microbial ecology: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd edn., pp. 148–151. Benjamin Cummings, US (1997)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang, J., Bai, J., Xu, J., Liang, B.: Bioleaching of metals from printed wire boards by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans and their mixture. J. Hazard. Mater. 172, 1100–1105 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Xie, F., Cai, T., Ma, Y., Li, H., Li, C., Huang, Z., Yuan, G.: Recovery of Cu and Fe from printed circuit board waste sludge by ultrasound: evaluation of industrial application. J. Clean. Prod. 17, 1494–1498 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Beolchini, F., Fonti, V., Dell’Anno, A., Rocchetti, L., Veglio, F.: Assessment of biotechnological strategies for the valorization of metal bearing wastes. Waste Manag. 32, 949–956 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Brandl, H., Bosshard, R., Wegmann, M.: Computer-munching microbes: metal leaching from electronic scrap by bacteria and fungi. Hydrometallurgy 59, 319–326 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Brierley, J.A., Brierley, C.L.: Present and future commercial applications of Biohydrometallurgy. Hydrometallurgy 59, 233–239 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bosecker, K.: Bioleaching: metal solubilisation by microorganisms. FEMS Microbio. Rev. 20, 591–604 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ilyas, S., Anwar, M.A., Niazi, S.B., Afzal, G.M.: Bioleaching of metals from electronic scrap by moderately thermophilic acidophilic bacteria. Hydrometallurgy 88, 180–188 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang, Y., Peng, A., Yang, Y., Liu, J., Qiu, G.: Isolation, characterization of Acidiphilium sp. DX1-1 and ore bioleaching by this acidophilic mixotrophic organism. Trans. Nonferr. Met. Soc. China 23, 1774–1782 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Choi, M.S., Cho, K.S., Kim, D.S., Kim, D.J.: Microbial recovery of copper from printed circuit boards of waste computer by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. J. Environ. Sci. Health A 39(11–12), 2973–2982 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tandy, S., Bossart, K., Mueller, R., Ritschel, J., Hauser, L., Schulin, R., Nowack, B.: Extraction of heavy metals from soils using biodegradable chelating agents. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 38, 937–944 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Muller, B.: Citric acid as corrosion inhibitor for aluminium pigment. Corros. Sci. 46, 159–167 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM): Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass. ASTM D2216-98, ASTM International (1998)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    American Public Health Association (APHA): Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd edn., pp. 61–68. American Public Health Association-American Water Works Association-Water Environment Federation, Washington, DC (2012)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    International Organization for Standardisation (ISO): Soil Quality—Extraction of Trace Elements Soluble in Aqua Regia. ISO 11466 (1995)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    US Environmental Protection agency, Method 3052: Microwave Assisted Acid Digestion of Siliceous and Organically Based Matrices SW-846. Washington, DC (1996)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sand, W., Gehrke, T., Jozsa, P.G., Schippers, A.: (Bio)chemistry of bacterial leaching—direct vs. indirect bioleaching. Hydrometallurgy 59, 159–175 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rohwerder, T., Gehrke, T., Kinzler, K., Sand, W.: Bioleaching review part A. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 63(3), 239–248 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology PatnaBihtaIndia

Personalised recommendations