Beyond the Borders: Utopia, Uniqueness, and Soft-Power

  • Dominik Mierzejewski
  • Bartosz Kowalski
Part of the Global Political Transitions book series (GLPOTR)


This chapter discusses the issue of China’s identity as related to culture. In the first part, the traditional understanding of “all under the heaven,” tianxia, is explored. The chapter introduces China’s understating of the self as the cultural body. The second issue to be explored is the promotion of symbols related to Chinese traditions which provide a convenient bridge to reach the hearts and minds of Chinese people overseas and which build China’s peaceful identity in relations with the developed world. In the final part of the chapter, the issues of being innocent and peaceful are discussed. From the peaceful rise and peaceful development narratives, and finally with the “Belt and Road” initiative, the chapter shows the complexity of China’s place in global affairs. The principal argument here is that China, by shaping its cultural identity, is following the model of Western powers which mixes idealism with realism in a manner similar to Woodrow Wilson’s idealism.


China Culture Identity Developed world Belt and road initiative 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominik Mierzejewski
    • 1
  • Bartosz Kowalski
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Int’l & Political StudiesUniversity of Łódź Faculty of Int’l & Political StudiesŁódźPoland

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