Debating China as Ideology: Marxism, Materialism, and Own Way

  • Dominik Mierzejewski
  • Bartosz Kowalski
Part of the Global Political Transitions book series (GLPOTR)


The chapter on China’s identity as related to ideology discusses the process of building identity within the ideological context of socialism. In the first part, the authors elaborate on the initial stage of Chinese Marxism and Leninism. The inspiration that the communist movement derived from the Soviet Union, the “Sinicization” of Marxism, and the “lean on one side” policy discussed in this chapter, demonstrates the internal and external factors that played a central role in shaping China’s own ideological identity. In the second part, the Cultural Revolution is analyzed as the vehicle for China’s singularity within the communist bloc. The issue of difference, in the ideological sense, pushed China on to its path and with its own characteristics. This development plays a crucial role in shaping China’s model narratives. The model, as discussed in the final part of the chapter, is mainly targeted in developing countries.


China Ideology Maoism Materialism Developing world Socialism with Chinese characteristics 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominik Mierzejewski
    • 1
  • Bartosz Kowalski
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Int’l & Political StudiesUniversity of Łódź Faculty of Int’l & Political StudiesŁódźPoland

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