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Occurrence and Epidemiological Aspects of Phytoplasmas in Cereals

  • Elizabeth de OliveiraEmail author
  • Deividas Valiūnas
  • Jelena Jović
  • Ivan Paulo Bedendo
  • Laima Urbanavičienė
  • Charles Martins de Oliveira
Chapter

Abstract

The symptoms of the main cereal diseases associated with phytoplasma presence such as barley deformation, maize bushy stunt, maize redness, green ear, oat proliferation, oat stunt, oat yellows, rice orange leaf, rice yellow dwarf, triticosecale stunt, wheat blue dwarf and wheat streak, yellowing, and stunting are described. Moreover the phytoplasmas associated with each disease are described together with their geographical distribution. In some cases, factors that affect the occurrence, development, and severity of these diseases are discussed. The insect vectors involved in transmission of some of these diseases are presented, along with the main morphological characteristics adopted for their identification.

Keywords

Phytoplasma diseases Barley Maize Rice Oat Wheat Millets Sorghum Insect vectors 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth de Oliveira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Deividas Valiūnas
    • 2
  • Jelena Jović
    • 3
  • Ivan Paulo Bedendo
    • 4
  • Laima Urbanavičienė
    • 2
  • Charles Martins de Oliveira
    • 5
  1. 1.Embrapa Maize and SorghumSete LagoasBrazil
  2. 2.Nature Research Centre, Phytovirus LaboratoryVilniusLithuania
  3. 3.Department of Plant PestsInstitute for Plant Protection and EnvironmentZemunSerbia
  4. 4.University of São Paulo, College of AgriculturePiracicabaBrazil
  5. 5.Embrapa CerradosBrasíliaBrazil

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