Laboratory Dissolution Experiments of Internal Erosion in Sandy Soil: Underground Cavities and Piping

  • Yang YangEmail author
  • Chao Xu
  • Samanthi Indiketiya
Conference paper


Loss of soil particles due to mineral dissolution, degradation or internal erosion can lead to a change in the microstructure of soil, which as a result, affects the strength and stiffness of soil. This paper presented an approach to investigate the behavior of granular soil subjected to local particle removal by introducing a certain amount of erodible particles. Through sufficiently long period of water flushing, internal erosion was simulated by dissolution of glucose shaped in block/pipe, in representing underground cavities and piping. A series of model tests were conducted, and the formation of cavity/piping was recorded by digital images from the front of the soil chamber. Extent of loosening during the propagation of erosion and changes in local strength at post-erosion state were obtained by conducting penetration tests.


Internal erosion Dissolution Particle loss Cavity Penetration test 



The authors acknowledge the final support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51609171. Experiments presented in this paper were performed in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Tokyo.


  1. 1.
    Kuwano, R., Horii, T., Kohashi, H., Yamauchi, K.: Defects of sewer pipes causing cave-ins in the road. In: Proceedings of Fifth International Symposium on New Technologies for Urban Safety of Mega Cities in Asia, Phuket, pp. 347–353 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jones, J.A.A.: The effects of soil piping on contributing areas and erosion patterns. Earth Surf. Proc. Land. 12(3), 229–248 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Richards, K.S., Reddy, K.R.: Critical appraisal of piping phenomena in earth dams. Bull. Eng. Geol. Env. 66(4), 381–402 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Foster, M.A., Fell, R., Spannangle, M.: The statistic of embankment dam failures and accidents. Can. Geotech. J. 37(5), 100–124 (2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shin, H., Santamarina, J.C.: Mineral dissolution and the evolution of k0. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 134(8), 1141–1147 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Truong, Q.H., Eom, Y.H., Lee, J.S.: Stiffness characteristics of soluble mixtures. Géotechnique 60(4), 293–297 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sato, M., Kuwano, R.: Effects of internal erosion on mechanical properties evaluated by triaxial compression tests. In: Proceedings of the 15th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, pp. 1056–1059 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Luo, Y.L., Qiao, L., Liu, X.X., Zhan, M.L., Sheng, J.C.: Hydro-mechanical experiments on suffusion under long-term large hydraulic heads. Nat. Hazards 65(3), 1361–1377 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Institute of Industrial Science, The University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations