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Impact of Seed Priming on the Modulation of Physico-chemical and Molecular Processes During Germination, Growth, and Development of Crops

  • Bandana Bose
  • Mahesh Kumar
  • Rajesh K. Singhal
  • Sananda Mondal
Chapter

Abstract

Seed is the prime input in agriculture sector, and production of quality seed is the immense challenge in front of agriculturist to achieve the goal of food security. Present sceario emphasis that the world population is increasing day by day resulting to quick exhaustion of natural resources leading to climate change which accelerates the issue of abiotic (heat, cold, drought, and salt) and biotic stress in plants. These abiotic and biotic stresses are often interrelated and cause undesirable physiological, morphological, biochemical, and molecular change that affect plant growth and development and ultimately yield. Time to time various plant breeding and molecular techniques developed to solve the problem of abiotic and biotic stresses. However, alternatively, some simple and economical techniques are also in race to address this problem. Seed priming is one of them, approved by many agriculturists for better crop stand establishment and growth, even under adverse environmental conditions. The present chapter deals with the different types of seed priming methods and their scope in mitigating abiotic and biotic stresses. Further, mechanisms of seed “priming-induced” physiological, biochemical, and molecular changes in regulation to stress tolerance were extensively explained in the light of the latest research work carried in this direction.

Keywords

Seed priming Coating Seed hardening Abiotic stress Biotic stress 

Abbreviations

AQP

Aquaporin

CAT

Catalase

DEPs

Differentially expressed proteins

DHY

Dehydrin

LEA

Late embryogenic abundance

MDA

Malondialdehyde

POD

Peroxidase

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SMP

Solid matrix priming

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bandana Bose
    • 1
  • Mahesh Kumar
    • 1
  • Rajesh K. Singhal
    • 1
  • Sananda Mondal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural SciencesBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Plant Physiology Section, Department of ASEPANInstitute of Agriculture, Visva-BharatiSriniketanIndia

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