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Biomolecular Functions of Micronutrients Toward Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

  • Shyam N. Pandey
Chapter

Abstract

Many of the world’s cultivated areas are facing various abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity, temperature extremes, and nutrient abnormalities. For the maintenance of crop productivity, improvement of the micronutrient status in plants under abiotic stress is very important. In most cases of abiotic stress, plants experience either poor or excessive availability of micronutrients, which alters their biochemical composition and minimizes growth and yield. Micronutrient availability greatly affects the ability of plants to adapt to unfavorable conditions. Essential micronutrients, such as zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), boron (B), iron (Fe), molybdenum (Mo), chloride (Cl), nickel (Ni), and cobalt (Co), have direct roles in plant metabolism. Most of these nutrients have two or more oxidation states, and therefore participate in oxidation–reduction reactions through electron transport. These elements form metalloenzymes, function as catalysts, and are vital in osmoregulation and protection against abiotic stress in plants. Micronutrients protect plants by functioning as constituents and activators of several enzymes in their defense system [such as catalase, ascarbate peroxidase, superoxide dismutase (Zn-SOD, Cu-Zn SOD, Fe-SOD, Mn-SOD)] that are involved in the detoxification of highly reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced during abiotic stress. In the present study, the role of micronutrients in the growth and metabolism of plants, as well as their support to the plants for protection, adaptation, and tolerance against abiotic stress through supporting biochemical activities, is emphasized.

Keywords

Micronutrients Abiotic stress Biochemical constituents Reactive oxygen species 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author expresses his gratitude to the late Professor C.P. Sharma, Former Head of the Department and In Charge of the ICAR Project, Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, for his invaluable suggestions and fruitful discussions during his study on plant nutrition and stress physiology. He also acknowledges the help of Ms. Isha Verma during finalizing the article.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shyam N. Pandey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia

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