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Classification of Children with SLI Through Their Speech Utterances

  • Pavel Grill
Conference paper
Part of the IFMBE Proceedings book series (IFMBE, volume 68/2)

Abstract

Many young children have speech disorders. The research focused on one such disorder, known as specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental dysphasia in Czech (DD). A major problem in treating this disorder is the fact that specific language impairment is detected in children at a relatively late age. For successful speech therapy, early diagnosis is critical. This paper provides the issue of identifying SLI in children on the basis of their speech and presents two different approaches to this issue using. The First access is a new method for detecting specific language impairment based on the number of pronunciation errors in utterances. The success rate of detection of children with SLI is higher than 93%. An advantage of this method is its simplicity in the form of a simple test. This test is used in a mobile application SLIt Tool which is designed for iPad. The second method is based on the acoustic features of the speech signal. The feature set used to analyze speech data contains 1582 acoustic features and the success rate is almost 97%. An advantages of these different methods is that they could be used together to develop of the robustness automatic detection system.

Keywords

Specific language impairments Disorder speech Artificial neural networks 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research has been supported by the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, grant no. IGA MZ CRNT11443-5/2010 and grant no. IGA MZ ČR-NR 8287-3/2005. This paper has been supported by R&D Laboratory at the Military Technical Institute. The author would like to thank the speech and language therapists, especially PaedDr. Milena Vránová, and prof. Ing. Jana Tučková, CSc. We would also like to thank American Journal Experts for their thoughtful English corrections.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.R&D Laboratory, Military Technical InstitutePragueCzech Republic

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