Involvement of Reactive Species of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Triggering Programmed Cell Death in Plants

  • Vineet Kumar Maurya
  • Dhananjay Kumar
  • Chandramani Pathak
  • Budhi Sagar TiwariEmail author


Programmed cell death (PCD) is a multifaceted process involved in cell number control, removal of diseased or inflamated cells and maintaining homeostasis between dying and newborn cells. It is a fine regimented process under strict genetic control. The process is not only associated with developmental programs of plants and animals but also observed during extreme fluctuations in environmental factors, as well as during noncompatible biotic interactions. In particular, stress-induced PCD in plants has been hypothesized as one of the survival strategies. At the regulatory stages of the process, amplification of cellular reactive species of oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) acts as key signalling events for execution of PCD. Although roles of ROS and RNS in execution of PCD have been well studied independently, information about cross-talks between ROS and RNS are limited. In this chapter, efforts have been made to compile the available information regarding involvement of ROS, RNS and their cross-talk during the execution of PCD in plants.


ROS RNS Signalling PCD Cross-talk Abiotic stress Chloroplasts Mitochondria 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vineet Kumar Maurya
    • 1
  • Dhananjay Kumar
    • 2
  • Chandramani Pathak
    • 3
  • Budhi Sagar Tiwari
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyH.N.B. Garhwal UniversitySrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyH.N.B. Garhwal UniversitySrinagarIndia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of Advanced ResearchGandhinagarIndia

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