Advertisement

Urban Drought pp 399-412 | Cite as

Urban Water Management Issues and Challenges After the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami Recovery: Lessons Learned from Banda Aceh City, Indonesia

  • Alfi Rahman
  • Shimpei Iwasaki
  • Stephen Anthony Sutton
  • Aiko Sakurai
  • Parmakope
Chapter
Part of the Disaster Risk Reduction book series (DRR)

Abstract

Banda Aceh city faced an urban water problem after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami devastated and damaged most of the city. Over 60% of the city area was destroyed, including the entire loss of some areas of land and massive impacts on infrastructure. Water supply infrastructure in particular was badly hit, with only 20% of the clean water available immediately following the event. Contamination of the groundwater by seawater was a crucial factor as the tainted seawater disrupted the clean water balance, which in turn damaged the facilities of the local public water utility company (Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum, PDAM). This loss of capacity came at a critical time, with a large number of disaster victims having a pressing need for water, for crucial hygiene as well as consumption. The reconstruction and rehabilitation phases of the disaster recovery sought to resolve the water resource problem for Banda Aceh citizens, with the restoration of PDAM becoming a top priority. This chapter highlights the urban water management issues and challenges of this situation and the problem of providing the clean water to Banda Aceh’s citizens following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.

Keywords

Banda Aceh urban water management The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami Clean water recovery 

References

  1. BAPPEDA Kota Banda Aceh (2011) Analisis survey validasi TN2PK Kota Banda Aceh, Banda AcehGoogle Scholar
  2. BAPPEDA Kota Banda Aceh (2014) Tsunami data project. BAPPEDA, Banda AcehGoogle Scholar
  3. BAPPEDA Kota Banda Aceh (2015) Hasil pendataan sarana sambungan rumah PDAMGoogle Scholar
  4. BMKG (n.d.) Indonesia Memiliki 13.466 Pulau yang Terdaftar dan Berkoordinat. Retrieved 4 Apr 2017 from http://www.bakosurtanal.go.id/berita-surta/show/indonesia-memiliki-13-466-pulau-yang-terdaftar-dan-berkoordinat
  5. BPS Kota Banda Aceh (2016) Banda Aceh dalam Angka 2016. BPS Kota Banda AcehGoogle Scholar
  6. BPS Pusat (2016) Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2016. In: Sub-directorate of statistical compilation and publication, Ed. BPS-Statistics IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  7. BRR (2009a) 10 management lessons for host governments coordinating post-disaster reconstruction. BRR NAD-NIASGoogle Scholar
  8. BRR (2009b) Tsunami: from disaster to the emergence of light. In: Supit H, Agusta M (eds) BRR Book S. BRR NAD-NIASGoogle Scholar
  9. Ferretti E, Bonadonna L, Lucentini L, Della Libera S, Semproni M, Ottaviani M (2010) A case study of sanitary survey on community drinking water supplies after a severe (post-Tsunami) flooding event. Annali Dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanita 46(3):236–241Google Scholar
  10. Hadipuro W (2010) Indonesia’s water supply regulatory framework: between commercialisation and public service? Water Altern 3(3):475–491. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-78649470842&partnerID=40&md5=94f803089b22323c980449ff24044883
  11. Jaskolowski B (2008) Hydrogeochemistry of groundwater along the tsunami affected coast between Sigli and Bireuen, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Institut für GeologieGoogle Scholar
  12. Masyrafah H, Mckeon JMJA (2008) Post-tsunami aid effectiveness in Aceh, proliferation and coordination in reconstruction. Retrieved from http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/papers/2008/11/acehaidmasyrafah/11_aceh_aid_masyrafah.pdf
  13. Oliver V (2008) After the tsunami: a project on design action in Banda Aceh. RMIT University. Retrieved from http://researchbank.rmit.edu.au/view/rmit:13377
  14. PDAM Tirta Daroy (2015) PDAM Tirta Daroy company profile, Banda AcehGoogle Scholar
  15. PDAM Tirta Daroy (2016) Peningkatan pelayanan air minum kota Banda Aceh, Banda AcehGoogle Scholar
  16. Schulze KE (2004) The free Aceh movement (GAM): anatomy of a separatist organization. Policy Stud (2):IGoogle Scholar
  17. Solway JS (1994) Drought as a revelatory crisis: an exploration of shifting entitlement and hierarchies in the Kalahari, Botswana. Dev Change 25(3):471–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Subekti (n.d.) Challenges & opportunities water supply sector in Indonesia. Indonesian Water Supply AssociationGoogle Scholar
  19. Villholth KG, Amerasinghe PH, Jeyakumar P, Panabokke CR, Woolley O, Weerasinghe MD, Pathirana SRK (2005) Tsunami impacts on shallow groundwater and associated water supply on the east coast of Sri Lanka. International Waste Management Institute, Nov 2005.  https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203894569Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfi Rahman
    • 1
    • 6
    • 8
  • Shimpei Iwasaki
    • 2
  • Stephen Anthony Sutton
    • 3
    • 6
    • 7
  • Aiko Sakurai
    • 4
  • Parmakope
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of International Environment and Resources Policy, International Post Graduate Program in Human Security, Graduate School of International Cultural StudiesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science, International College of Arts and SciencesFukuoka Women’s UniversityFukuokaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Psychological and Clinical SciencesCharles Darwin UniversityDarwinAustralia
  4. 4.Department of Social SciencesToyo Eiwa UniversityTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Urban Development Planning AgencyBanda AcehIndonesia
  6. 6.Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Center (TDMRC)Syiah Kuala UniversityBanda AcehIndonesia
  7. 7.Bushfire and Natural Hazards Cooperative Research CentreEast MelbourneAustralia
  8. 8.Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of Syiah Kuala UniversityBanda AcehIndonesia

Personalised recommendations