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Urban Drought pp 183-208 | Cite as

Drought and Urbanization: The Case of the Philippines

  • Emma PorioEmail author
  • Jessica Dator-Bercilla
  • Gemma Narisma
  • Faye Cruz
  • Antonia Yulo-Loyzaga
Chapter
Part of the Disaster Risk Reduction book series (DRR)

Abstract

The Philippines is highly vulnerable to drought, resulting in severe impacts on crop productivity, water availability, and food security. This chapter explores water security in the country by examining the effects of drought on risk governance and its social impacts on the 1997–1998 and 2015–2016 El Niño episodes in Metro Manila, Iloilo City, and Cebu City. During these periods, widespread dryness occurred in both urban and rural areas, as rainfall was reduced by more than 50%. This decrease in rainfall affects most especially the urban poor as they experience acutely the dwindling supply of potable water, increasing costs of water, and compromised access to hygiene and sanitation services. Consequently, droughts have become a major concern for risk governance in major urban centers. Science-informed and contextually driven local climate adaptation plans (LCAP) seem to be the most appropriate response to mitigate and adapt to the effects of drought brought about by El Niño.

Keywords

Drought El Niño Water security Water governance Risk governance 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emma Porio
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jessica Dator-Bercilla
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gemma Narisma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Faye Cruz
    • 2
  • Antonia Yulo-Loyzaga
    • 2
  1. 1.Ateneo de Manila UniversityQuezon CityPhilippines
  2. 2.Manila ObservatoryQuezon CityPhilippines
  3. 3.Christian AidLondonIndia

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