Bukhara: A Living Central Asian Silk Roads City. Application of the Historic Urban Landscape Approach

  • Ona VileikisEmail author
  • Sanjarbek Allayarov
  • Christian Ost
  • Rand Eppich
Part of the Creativity, Heritage and the City book series (CHC, volume 2)


Bukhara, an ancient city along the Silk Roads in Uzbekistan, is undergoing dramatic change – an increase in visitation, introduction of new materials, and construction techniques – along with a growing awareness of the need for protection. It has been recognized, in Bukhara and other historic cities, that there must be a new approach to urban heritage, balancing conservation along with development and change. The HUL recommendation proposed such an approach, taking into account diversity of stakeholders, management, and planning tools. With this vision, the World Heritage property of the Historic Centre of Bukhara has been preparing its Integrated Management Plan. The preparatory process has prioritized and integrated cultural heritage into the urban planning agenda. The process is not yet complete, but, despite its own challenges, it has already achieved success by bringing together for the first time different partners to envision a heritage city as cultural living capital on the path of protecting while developing this unique Central Asian medieval city.


World Heritage Historic Urban Landscape Management plan Mapping Participatory approach Economic assessment Conservation Silk Roads Bukhara 



Thank you. The sense of pride of place was palatable in Bukhara. All the professionals, community leaders, and concerned individuals from across many different fields, government agencies, and professions were constantly talking about their heritage and were eager to share their experiences, enthusiasm, and concern for this important World Heritage property. The authors wish to thank them for being open to new perspectives and searching for innovative approaches to protect Bukhara. This includes representatives from the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Board of Monuments, the State Committee on Development of Tourism, and the local administrations, both the Interregional Inspection and the Khokimiyat, as well as architects, the mahallas leaders, and most importantly the community of Bukhara.

The authors also wish to thank the professional staff of the UNESCO Office in Tashkent and the funding provided by the regular program “Implementation of the World Heritage Convention,” the International Assistance project “Development of a Management Plan for the Historic Centre of Bukhara,” and the UNESCO/Netherlands Funds-in-Trust project “Application of the UNESCO Recommendation on Historic Urban landscape at the World Heritage properties of the Historic Centre of Bukhara and Samarkand, Uzbekistan”.

Special thanks go to those who developed the HUL approach, namely, Ron van Oers for sponsoring and organizing previous workshops and publications as well as providing the background research to make the HUL application in Bukhara a success.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ona Vileikis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sanjarbek Allayarov
    • 2
  • Christian Ost
    • 3
  • Rand Eppich
    • 4
  1. 1.University of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.UNESCO Office in TashkentTashkentUzbekistan
  3. 3.ICHEC Brussels Management SchoolBrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.Heritage DevelopmentMadridSpain

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