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Introduction

  • Nlandu Roger Ngatu
Chapter

Abstract

Advances in industrialization have contributed to environmental pollution, which represents a major risk to the health of populations. On the other hand, increased incidence of skin diseases has been reported both in developed and developing countries due to high levels of hazardous substances in the working and living environments; these include physical, animal, and chemical particulates. This book provides updated knowledge and information on the epidemiology, etiology, and physiopathology of prevalent occupational and environmental skin diseases (OESD), their prevention, with particular emphasis on skin health safety issues and disease risk factors present at workplace and in the living environment, as well as recent progress on their management. It comprises a PhD thesis and original reports, perspectives and review articles as well. Thus, it can be useful for occupational and environmental health practitioners, academic lecturers, researchers, graduate students, and clinicians in the field of skin diseases. Recent studies have shown that the prevalence of allergic diseases, for example, increased sharply in many rich countries; however, their management is still challenging due mainly to the limitation in treatment choices and the adverse effects related to most of the existing conventional therapeutic agents. At workplace, the establishment of a safety and health service, organizing a surveillance and reporting systems for dermal exposures at workplace, and a strict compliance with safety measures and occupational exposure limits for skin hazards (for chemical hazards particularly), as well as the implementation of efficient and affordable therapeutic procedures for OESD, are of utmost importance.

Keywords

Exposure Occupational and environmental skin disease (OESD) Prevention Skin hazard 

List of Abbreviations

ESD

Environmental skin diseases

NIEHS

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

OESD

Occupational and environmental skin diseases

OSD

Occupational skin diseases

References

  1. European Agency for Safety and Health (EU-OSHA). Skin diseases and dermal exposure: policy and practice overview. 2008. osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/40/view. Accessed 1 Sep 2017.
  2. Health & Safety Executive (HSE). Statistics: dermatitis and other skin disorders. 2016. http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/. Accessed 1 Sep 2017.
  3. Lushniak BD. The importance of occupational skin diseases in Unites States. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2003;76(5):325–30.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). Air pollution. 2017. https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/air-pollution/index.cfm. Accessed 1 Sep 2017.
  5. National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH). Disease and injury. 1996. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/96-115/diseas.html. Accessed 1 Sep 2017.
  6. National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH). Skin exposures and effects. 2013. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/skin/default.html. Accessed 1 Sep 2017.
  7. Romagnani S. The increased prevalence of allergy and the hygiene hypothesis: missing immune deviation, reduced immune suppression, or both? Immunology. 2004;112(3):352–63.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nlandu Roger Ngatu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of MedicineInternational University of Health and Welfare (IUHW)ChibaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Public HealthInternational University of Health and Welfare (IUHW)TokyoJapan

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