External Biliary Fistula (EBF): The Bare, Prepare and Repair (BPR) Approach to Management

  • Rajan Saxena
  • Selvakumar Balakrishnan
  • Ashish Singh


An external biliary fistula (EBF) is an unwelcome, complex and devastating problem faced by surgeons globally and is associated with severe physical and mental trauma to the patient [1]. It is also associated with considerable morbidity and mortality [2] (Fig. 6.1).


External Biliary Fistula (EBF) Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage (PTBD) Atrophy-hypertrophy Complex Endoscopic Biliary Drainage (ENBD) Strasberg Type 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajan Saxena
    • 1
  • Selvakumar Balakrishnan
    • 1
  • Ashish Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgical Gastroenterology & Liver Transplant UnitSanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknowIndia

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