Do Athletes’ Perceptions of Their Coach’s Motivation Effectiveness Mediate Longitudinal Effects of Individual Consideration on Trust?

  • Ahmad Fikri Mohd Kassim
  • Ian David Boardley
Conference paper


The present study aims to investigate whether athletes’ perceptions of specific coaching effectiveness mediate the longitudinal relationships between perceptions of specific transformational leadership behaviour and athlete outcomes. One hundred and seventy-four team-sport athletes (rugby = 35, basketball = 46, football = 93) participated by completing psychometric measures of the study variables at two time points (retention rate = 93.5%). Data analyses revealed athletes’ perceptions of their coach’s motivation effectiveness at Time 1 mediated a positive effect of coach’s individual consideration behaviour at Time 1 on trust at Time 2. The findings of this study suggest athletes’ perceptions of their coach’s transformational leadership behaviour (individual consideration) may at times influence athlete outcomes (trust) through changes in athletes’ perceptions of their coach’s effectiveness (motivation effectiveness).


Motivation effectiveness Individual consideration Trust Team sport 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Fikri Mohd Kassim
    • 1
  • Ian David Boardley
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Sports Science and RecreationUniversiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan PerlisArauMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Sports, Exercise and Rehabilitation SciencesUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK

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