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Pesticide Contamination: Environmental Problems and Remediation Strategies

  • Siddharth Boudh
  • Jay Shankar SinghEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Pesticides are the chemicals used in the control of weeds and pests. The larger inputs of pesticides and fertilisers contaminate food commodities with trace amounts of chemical pesticides and its invasion in crops causes diseases, which is a growing source of concern for the universal population and environment in today’s world. The extensive utilisation of pesticides possibly enhances their accumulation in the agricultural fields and environmental components, such as enlarged farms, field sizes, loss of landscape elements etc. Nevertheless, their low biodegradability has classified these chemical substances as a persistent toxic element. Furthermore, organo-chlorine pesticides have caused multiple problems of health hazards, such as acute and chronic effects including developmental effects and neurological disruptors in humans and animals. The biological stability of pesticides and the higher content of lipophilicity in food products create a significant effect on the physical condition of human beings and animals. As the bio-accumulation and bio-magnification of lethal pesticides are the main cause of the loss of plants, microbes and animal biodiversity, therefore, microbially based bioremediation of toxic pollutants from the polluted sites has been proposed to be a safe and sustainable means of decontaminating the environment. In this communication, we have tried to explain the source of environmental pollution by pesticides, its hazardous effects on living beings and remediation strategies.

Keywords

Fertilisers Pesticide Bioremediation technologies Composting 

Notes

Acknowledgment

We thank our Head for providing facilities and encouragements. Siddharth Boudh is thankful to the University Grants Commission (UGC) for financial support in the form of the Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship (Award Letter No: F.1-17.1/2013-14/RGNF-2013-14-SC-UTT-37387/(SA-III/Website).

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Microbiology (DEM)Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University)LucknowIndia

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