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Application of Nanotechnology in Mycoremediation: Current Status and Future Prospects

  • Mohammadhassan Gholami-Shabani
  • Zeynab Gholami-Shabani
  • Masoomeh Shams-Ghahfarokhi
  • Mehdi Razzaghi-AbyanehEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Bioremediation is a growing area of green biotechnology and may be defined as the application of biological methods to the treatment of pollution. Much bioremediation effort has concentrated on organic pollutants, although the materials that are able to be transformed or detoxified by microorganisms include both natural resources and inorganic pollutants, such as toxic metals. The buildup of toxic chemicals and heavy metals in the environment is an ever-increasing and serious problem. These toxic materials threaten humans, animals, and the ecosystem. Despite noticable progresses in the field of bioremediation in recent years, there is a distinct lack of appreciation of the potential roles and participation of fungi in bioremediation. Mycoremediation is the use of fungi to collapse or eliminate toxins from the environment. There are evidences of the role of specific fungi in neutralizing toxic weapons and waste. Research is being done to use mycoremediation in national defense against chemical and biological warfare. This also births the chance to use mycoremediation to help mend war-torn environments. Nanomaterials also display exclusive physical and chemical properties, and they have received much attention from researchers and scientists in dissimilar areas of environmentally friendly sciences, especially in bioremediation. Bioremediation of pollutants by use of existing knowledge is not always effective and efficient in cleaning up the environment. Therefore, nanomaterials may be useful for bioremediation, which will not only have less toxic effect on microorganisms but will also increase the microbial activity of the particular waste and toxic materials which will reduce the total time consumption as well as reduce the total cost. This chapter highlights the potential of fungus-originated nanomaterials in mycoremediation of waste and toxic materials.

Keywords

Fungal biotechnology Bioremediation Mycoremediation Nanotechnology Pollution Heavy metals 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammadhassan Gholami-Shabani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zeynab Gholami-Shabani
    • 3
  • Masoomeh Shams-Ghahfarokhi
    • 4
  • Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of MycologyPasteur Institute of IranTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of NanobiotechnologyPasteur Institute of IranTehranIran
  3. 3.Faculty of Aerospace, Science and Research CampusIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  4. 4.Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of MycologyTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran

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