Thermal Comfort in Indian Apartments

  • Madhavi IndragantiEmail author
  • Kavita Daryani Rao


Socio-political and economic drivers can be historically traced behind the apartments evolutionary trajectory. Absence and poor adherence to norms appear to have caused thermal discomfort. It pushed occupants toward energy-intensive solutions. India needs to embrace the adaptive thermal comfort model to unburden her import-dependent energy balances. Occupant responses from real buildings underpin this model. This chapter focuses on the field studies in apartments. People in naturally ventilated apartments expressed comfort at 30.3 °C during the hot and warm-humid seasons. Thermal condition indoors varied adaptively with the outdoors. However, discomfort was high in summer. The subjects accustomed to air conditioners had lower comfort temperature. This cyclic path dependency works against India’s sustainability agenda.


Indian apartments Thermal comfort Adaptive model Warm-humid climate Field survey Comfort temperature 



Indraganti VS Prasad funded the Hyderabad thermal comfort surveys. Late Allakky Sreenivas, Rajyalakshmi, Sarma AVRJ, Ratnavati, C. Rajeswari, Lahari, Dhanya, Lohita, and Yashwanth assisted us. We thank all of them. Over a hundred residents responded, even foregoing their post-meal siestas. We are forever grateful to them.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture and Urban PlanningCollege of Engineering, Qatar UniversityDohaQatar
  2. 2.Department of ArchitectureJawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts UniversityHyderabadIndia

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