Conclusion: Lessons Learnt for Policy Recommendations

  • Pankaj KumarEmail author
  • Jaivir Singh


Over this chapter, we collect together the insights gathered from our analysis of law and public policy, and from the ethnographic data, we have gathered from all over India and China to suggest how India should devise labour laws and policy that both give employers sufficient flexibility but also provide a voice to workers. Broadly speaking, it is suggested that India replaces the contract labour system—getting rid of exploitative middlemen contractors and tendering practices that lower wages, and offer fixed-term contracts to workers across the board. In addition to this, it is suggested that collective bargaining institutions be strengthened and law and public policy be oriented to support this. This might indeed also provide support to the recent moves to skill the workforce because workers will be motivated to learn, innovate and be more productive.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-IVRI (under DARE, Government of India)BareillyIndia
  2. 2.Centre for the study of Law and GovernanceJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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