Etiologic Classification of Diseases

  • Bin Qiao
  • Hong Yan Wang


Single ventricle (SV) is a complex congenital heart disease in the clinic, only with a functional ventricle formed during fetal development. The varied malformations will result in different pathological blood circulation in single ventricle disease, so the treatment methods are also different. International Nomenclature and Database System for congenital heart surgery named the disease as functional single ventricle. Following this original classification, the naming of the functional single ventricle on its etiological diagnosis in clinic is list.


  1. Jacobs ML, Mayer JE. Congenital heart surgery nomenclature and database project: single ventricle. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000;69(3):197–204. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House Co. Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bin Qiao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hong Yan Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.Cardiovascular Institute, General Hospital of Jinan Military RegionJinanChina
  2. 2.Cardiac Surgery Center, Western District of Shandong Provincial HospitalJinanChina
  3. 3.Department of Life Science, Fudan UniversityShanghaiChina

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