Degradation of DDT, a Pesticide by Mixed Metal Oxides Nanoparticles

  • Navneet Manav
  • Vatsala Dwivedi
  • A. K. Bhagi
Conference paper


The pesticides use is unavoidable to meet the food production demands of the ever-increasing population. However, these organo-chemicals and their naturally degraded products have tendencies to bio-accumulate and enter into food chain. The toxic nature of these harmful chemicals has become a serious threat to environment in general and to human health in particular. Significantly, high levels of organochlorine pesticides have found to be proliferated into various foodstuffs taken from different regions of India. Average intake of DDT is found to be 48 μg/g, which is quite high. The wide range health hazards and the ability of bioaccumulation of pesticides and their generated waste by-products necessitate the need to degrade these to safer products using suitable economically viable techniques. Mixed metal oxides (MMO) nanoparticles are potential versatile heterogeneous catalysts and may find use in the field of synthetic organic chemistry. The nanostructured binary mixed metal oxides of bivalent metal ion Mg2+ with Al3+ and Ce4+ have been synthesized by sol–gel methods with suitable modifications to increase surface area and to decrease size. The mixed metal oxides have been characterized by several spectroscopic and analytical techniques such as XRD, SEM, TEM. Thereafter the catalysis activity of the nanoparticles was tested on DDT degradation by gas chromatography. Results indicated that nanoparticles are efficient catalyst in remediation of DDT as 90% degradation was achieved in first 24 h.


Pesticide Nanoparticles Degradation DDT 



This works was supported from funds under Innovation Project granted by University of Delhi for the project DS305 titled “Degradation of Pesticides using Mixed Metal Oxide (MMO) Nanoparticles as catalysts, Whole cell organisms and Enzymes.”

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Longnecker MP, Rogan WJ, Lucier G (1997) The human health effects of DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) and PCBS (polychlorinated biphenyls) and an overview of organochlorines in public health. Annu Rev Public Health 18:211–244CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gawande MP, Pandey RK, Jayaram RV (2012) Role of Mixed metal oxides in catalysis science-versatile applications in organic synthesis. Catal Sci Technol 2:1113–1125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Saqer SM, Kondarides DI, Verykios XE (2011) Catalytic oxidation of toluene over binary mixtures of copper, Mangnese and cerium oxides supported on y-Al2O3. Appl Catal B: Environ 103:275–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Monopoli A, Nacci A, Calo V, Ciminale F, Cotugno P, Mangone A, Giammossa LC, Azzone P, Cioffi N (2010) Palladium/zirconium oxide nanocomposite as a highly recyclable catalyst for C-C coupling reactions in water. Molecules 15:4511–4525CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gawande MB, Branco PS, Parghi K, Shrikhande JJ, Pandey RK, Ghumann CAA, Bundelski N, Teodoro OMND, Jayaram RV (2011) Synthesis and characterization of versatile MgO-ZrO2 mixed metal oxide nanoparticles and their applications. Catal Sci Technol 1:1653–1664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gawande MB, Rathi AK, Branco PS, Potewar TM, Velhinho A, Nogueira ID, Tolstogouzov A, Ghumman CAA, Teodoro OMND (2013) Nano-MgO-ZrO2 mixed metal oxides: characterization by SIMS and application in the reduction of carbonyl compounds and in multicomponent reactions. RSC Adv 3:3611–3617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Devade MJ (2015) Synthesis and characterization of CuO-SnO2 and CuO-SnO2-Fe2O3 mixed metal oxide. J Appl Chem 4:277–283Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen X, Carabineiro SAC, Bastos SST, Tavares PB, Orfao JJM, Pereria MFR, Fihueiredo JL (2014) Catalytic oxidation of ethyl acetate on cerium-containing mixed oxides. Appl Catal A 472:101–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Litt G, Almquist C (2009) An investigation of CuO/Fe2O3 catalysts for the gas-phase oxidation of ethanol. Appl Catal B: Environ 90:10–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stengl V, Hencyh J, Grygar T, Perez R (2015) Chemical degradation of trimethyl phosphate as surrogate for organo-phosphorous pesticides on nanostructured metal oxides. Mater Res Bull 61:259–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gawande MB, Paula SB, Varma RS (2013) Nano-magnetite (Fe3O4) as a support for recyclable catalysts in the development of sustainable methodologies. Chem Soc Rev 42:3371–3393CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Scherrer P (1918) Bestimmung der Grösse und der inneren Struktur von Kolloidteilchen mittels Röntgenstrahlen. Nachr Ges Wiss Göttingen 26:98–100Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bensebaa F, Patrito N, Page YL, Ecuyer PL, Wang D (2004) Tunable platinum–ruthenium nanoparticle properties using microwave synthesis. J Mater Chem 14:3378–3384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kharkwal A, Sharma SN, Jain K, Arora L, Chawla P, Singh AK, Chand S (2013) Polymeric stabilization of hybrid nanocomposites: a comparison between in situ and ex situ-grown CuInS2 poly(3-hexylthiophene)polymer. Colloid Polym Sci 291:2607–2617CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Dyal Singh CollegeUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Dyal Singh CollegeUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations