Use of Cost Effective Kitchen Ingredients in Acid-Base Titrations: A Greener Approach

  • Ritu Payal
  • Arti Jain
  • Priti MalhotraEmail author
Conference paper


The volumetric analysis allows the quantitative chemical analysis of a solution of the unknown concentration (acid/base) by titrating it with the solution of accurately known concentration (base/acid). For this purpose, chemicals indicators such as phenolphthalein, methyl orange, methyl red, congo red etc. are used. These indicators are expensive and some of them have toxic effects on users and can also cause environmental pollution. Therefore, an attempt has been made to investigate the indicator activity of some of the fruits, vegetables and kitchen spices. The current paper recommends the use of natural indicators such as Curcuma longa (turmeric), Beta vulgaris (beetroot), Citrus × limon (lemon), Citrus reticulata (orange), Citrus limetta (sweet lime), Solanum lycopersicum (tomato), etc. as a strategy for environment remediation, to reduce toxicity and to decrease the respective cost of the synthetic indicators. Various acid-base titrations were carried to ensure a sharp color change with respect to the pH of the medium. The promising results were obtained using comparative studies against standard synthetic indicators. Consequently, the authors suggest that these indicators can be used as pH indicators in the college laboratories for undergraduate courses.


Kitchen ingredients pH indicators Cost effective Acid-base indicators Quantitative analysis 



The support from Rajdhani College and Daulat Ram College for providing the laboratory facility to carry out the experimental work is highly appreciated.

Conflicts of Interest

Declare conflicts of interest or state “The authors declare no conflict of interest.”


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryRajdhani College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryDaulat Ram College, University of DelhiDelhiIndia

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