Phytochemical and Antibacterial Analysis of Terminalia chebula and Terminalia bellirica
Chemistry of Natural product is an ancient science. Secondary products present in the plants are responsible for beneficial medicinal effects of plant materials. This results from the combinations of these secondary metabolites. Harad is a species of Terminalia. Terminalia chebula (Harad) is one of the imperative herbs used for digestive problems. Harad is a magical herb and its fruit is used to treat acidity, heat burn, heart disease, constipation, ulcers, piles, inflammation, dysentery and diarrhea. Harad is considered as a remarkable medicine for its healing properties. It is also used to remove toxins from body. It is good for lungs, bronchitis and sinus. Terminalia bellirica, the Behada tree has medicinal values and uses in Ayurvedicpathy to removes all the three doshas. Behada fruit’s skin is beneficial in case of anemia, jaundice and white leprosy. The seeds Behada control vomiting, cures bronchitis. Baheda cure disorders of blood, along with voice disruption. Baheda is laxative, mild hot and destroys germs and eye diseases. Based on medicinal importance, an effort has been made to review the antibacterial properties and phytochemical analysis of Terminalia chebula (Harad), Terminalia bellirica (Baheda). S. aureus and E. coli bacterial strains were used for antibacterial activity. The antibacterial activity was determined by well diffusion method. The extract of Terminalia bellirica was more active against S. aureus than Terminalia chebula. Against E. coli both extracts showed almost same zone of inhibition.
KeywordsTerminalia chebula (Harad) Terminalia bellirica (Baheda) Phytochemical Antibacterial study
Conflicts of Interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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