Kolkata Port: Challenges of Geopolitics and Globalization

  • Subir Bhaumik


This chapter traces the historical evolution of the Kolkata port from a medieval riverside rural outback into the leading port of the British Empire followed by its terminal decline in independent India. I argue that the port remains important in the evolving geopolitics of Asia, as Kolkata is the only city that is the starting point for both a national economic growth corridor (Kolkata-Amritsar) and a transnational one (K2K). The port, despite its limitations, is the official port of Nepal and Bhutan and serves a huge hinterland in North and Northeast as well as Central India. But to remain operational, it is now looking to have a deep-sea component at Sagar and/or Tajpur, besides the down-the-river component at Haldia. From a riverine port, it is thus evolving into a port system, and its importance remains as India signs coastal shipping agreements with Bangladesh and Myanmar, bypassing hubs like Singapore.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subir Bhaumik
    • 1
  1. 1.Consulting EditorMizzima News, Myanmar and Former BBC CorrespondentCalcuttaIndia

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