Integrating an Ally and an Aligner in a Principled Security Network: The United States and the India–Japan Strategic Partnership
This chapter examines American interests in the India–Japan strategic partnership and the India–Japan–United States trilateral relationship. Limaye suggests that the United States would benefit from some relief from its heavy defence burden in the Asia-Pacific. Improving ties between India and Japan as well as the triangular defence relationship with the United States would help accomplish this. The author also stresses the effect of domestic political changes in these three countries on policy trajectories and the internal bilateral tensions between each. Another key predicament relates to the divergent approaches adopted by Japan and the United States that impact India’s integration into the regional economic order—notably, its entry into the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) organization. With this in view, the chapter offers the long-term recommendation that India, Japan and the US work out ways to coordinate on commercial ties—including international and regional economic rules, norms and institutions—to build a sustainable partnership to complement their expanding defence relationship.
KeywordsUnited States US–Japan–India Trilateral Dialogue US rebalance Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad)
Satu Limaye is Director, East-West Center in Washington and Senior Advisor, Center for Naval Analyses Corporation. The views expressed here are entirely personal. The author would like to thank Benjamin DeThomas for his research assistance and input into this chapter. The author is responsible for all errors.