Components of Swallow, Impairments, Causes, Observations, and Therapy

  • Krishnakumar Thankappan
  • Jayakumar R. Menon


Please check the hierarchy of the section headings and confirm if correct.

Supplementary material

Video 31.1

Normal swallow on VFS, lateral view (MP4 19126 kb)

Video 31.2

Normal swallow on VFS, lateral view, slow motion (MP4 20730 kb)

Video 31.3

Poor lip seal and oral phase (MP4 8963 kb)

Video 31.4

Poor lingual control, total glossectomy (MP4 6204 kb)

Video 31.5

Poor mastication, segmental mandibulectomy (MP4 30162 kb)

Video 31.6

Poor tongue base retraction, total glossectomy (MP4 19297 kb)

Video 31.7

Poor Velopharyngeal closure (MP4 16960 kb)

Video 31.8

Infrequent hyolaryngeal excursion and poor opening of upper esophageal sphincter (MP4 28673 kb)

Video 31.9

Penetration (MP4 10279 kb)

Video 31.10

Aspiration (MP4 21516 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krishnakumar Thankappan
    • 1
  • Jayakumar R. Menon
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Head and Neck Surgery and OncologyAmrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamKochiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Laryngology, Kerala Institute of Medical SciencesThiruvananthapuramIndia
  3. 3.Dysphagia Unit, Department of Head and Neck SurgeryAmrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamKochiIndia

Personalised recommendations