Arteriovenous fistula refers to an abnormal passage between arteries and veins. Based on pathogenesis, it can be classified into congenital and acquired arteriovenous fistula. If the fistula orifice is relatively large, the long-term abnormal passage may result in distal organ ischemia and cardiac insufficiency. The aim of endovascular treatment is to block the fistula orifice and restore normal blood flow. This chapter introduces clinical manifestations, minimally invasive endovascular surgery process, and intraoperative observation points of common arteriovenous fistula.
KeywordsArteriovenous fistula Endovascular treatment
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