Special Stains for the Carbohydrate, Protein, Lipid, Nucleic Acid and Pigments

  • Pranab Dey


The various special stains are now the essential parts in routine laboratory works. The indications of special stains include demonstration of the various cellular products for diagnosis, identification of microbial organisms and also estimation of DNA and RNA content of the cell. The present chapter discusses on the various cellular products such as simple carbohydrate, mucin and fats. The principle and the steps of techniques to demonstrate those products are described in detail. The various organic and inorganic pigments are present in our body. The pigments may be endogenous or exogenous in origin. The chapter presents the staining techniques of different pigments on the histology tissue section.


Special stain Carbohydrate Mucin Lipid Nucleic acid DNA Pigments PAS Alcian blue Mucicarmine Methyl green-pyronin Perls’ reaction Fouchet’s stain Grimelius stain 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pranab Dey
    • 1
  1. 1.Education and Research (PGIMER)Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

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