Ocular Tumor and Retinal Detachment
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Optic disc melanocytoma is a rare, benign, dark brown- to black-colored tumor that usually occurs on or adjacent to the optic nerve head. Papillary capillary hemangioma is one possible manifestation of ocular capillary hemangioma and may occur sporadically or as a single or first manifestation of von Hippel-Lindau disease. Retinal hemangioma includes three kinds of diseases: retinal capillary hemangioma, retinal cavernous hemangioma, and retinal plexiform hemangioma. Retinoblastoma is the most common malignant tumor in eyes of infants. Choroidal hemangioma is a benign, relatively rare hamartomatous tumor. Choroidal melanoma is the most common primary malignant tumor in adults. Uveal tumors primarily which occur in the iris can also involve the ciliary body, such as iris melanoma, iris neurofibroma, iris nerve sheath tumor, iris cyst, etc. Choroidal melanoma can also involve the ciliary body. Metastatic carcinoma to the choroid is common, with the breast and the lung as frequent primary sites; secondary exudative retinal detachment could occur in the surface of the tumor.
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