Soil and Water Conservation in Ravinous Watersheds: Case Studies from Uttar Pradesh in India

  • Suraj Bhan
  • Sanjay Arora


Ravines and gullies occur all over India especially in states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The state of Uttar Pradesh has taken the lead role in reclamation of ravine lands starting from 1884 to till recently, but most of the project activities gradually approached toward the requirement of reclamation based on integrated farming system approach on watershed basis. Some projects have resulted in cumulative gain in terms of area reclaimed, people benefited, and knowledge gained which can be fruitfully utilized for future ravine reclamation planning. However, the reason of the not much benefit from the earlier projects was due to failure of stable use of reclaimed land for productive purposes. Still about 75% of the ravine land needs to be effectively reclaimed for productive use. In this chapter, an attempt has been made to identify the gaps and suggest approaches and components for effective reclamation of ravine lands on watershed basis. The reclamation should aim for improvement of socio-economic conditions of ravine areas indicating the scope of providing sustainable livelihood to the people of the area. The region has potential for diversified crops including highly remunerative medicinal and aromatic crops. Introduction of these crops calls for an integrated bio-industrial approach for locally processing the produce that would provide additional income to farmers and generate employment.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suraj Bhan
    • 1
  • Sanjay Arora
    • 2
  1. 1.Soil Conservation Society of India, National Societies Block A/G-4, National Agricultural Science Centre (NASC) ComplexNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research StationLucknowIndia

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