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Isolation, Culture, and Application of Marine Microalga Dunaliella salina (Volvocales, Chlorophyceae) as an Aqua Feed Additive

  • A. Shenbaga Devi
  • P. Santhanam
  • S. Jeyanthi
  • N. Krishnaveni
Chapter

Abstract

Microalgae are microscopic unicellular organisms capable to convert solar energy to chemical energy via photosynthesis. They contain numerous bioactive compounds that can be harnessed for commercial use. The potential of microalgal photosynthesis for the production of valuable compounds or for energetic use is widely recognized due to their more efficient utilization of sunlight energy as compared with higher plants. Microalgae can be used to produce a wide range of metabolites such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, carotenoids, or vitamins for health, food and feed additives, cosmetics, and energy production (Adams et al. 2009). However, microalgal biotechnology only really began to develop in the middle of the last century. Nowadays, there are numerous commercial applications of microalgae such as microalgae can be used to enhance the nutritional value of food and animal feed owing to their chemical composition; they play a crucial role in aquaculture. Moreover, they are cultivated as a source of highly valuable molecules. For example, polyunsaturated fatty acid oils are added to infant formulas and nutritional supplements, and pigments are important as aqua feed additive.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors thank the authorities of Bharathidasan University for providing the necessary facilities, and the first author thanks the University Grants Commission, Govt. of India, New Delhi, for financial support through UGC-Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship. Authors are grateful to the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, New Delhi, for providing microalgae culture facility through extramural project (BT/PR 5856/AAQ/3/598/2012).

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Shenbaga Devi
    • 1
  • P. Santhanam
    • 1
  • S. Jeyanthi
    • 1
  • N. Krishnaveni
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Planktonology & Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Marine Science, School of Marine SciencesBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia

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