The Context-Dependent Total-Factor Energy Efficiency of China’s Regions

  • Jin-Li HuEmail author
  • Tzu-Pu Chang
Conference paper


This research introduces the context-dependent total-factor energy efficiency (CD-TFEE) and applies it to find the frontier levels of China’s regions in 2014. In this empirical example, CD-TFEE generates different results from the context-dependent data envelopment analysis (CD-DEA) proposed by Seiford and Zhu (Omega, 31(5):397–408, 2003). China’s regions in 2014 can be categorized into five levels of TFEE frontiers, and almost two-thirds of Chinese regions can target the domestic benchmarks to improve their energy efficiency.


Context-dependent data envelopment analysis (CD-DEA) Frontier levels Total-factor energy efficiency (TFEE) Russell-based directional distance function (RDDF) Undesirable outputs 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Business and ManagementNational Chiao Tung UniversityTaipei CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of FinanceNational Yunlin University of Science and TechnologyYunlin CountyTaiwan

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