The Context-Dependent Total-Factor Energy Efficiency of China’s Regions
This research introduces the context-dependent total-factor energy efficiency (CD-TFEE) and applies it to find the frontier levels of China’s regions in 2014. In this empirical example, CD-TFEE generates different results from the context-dependent data envelopment analysis (CD-DEA) proposed by Seiford and Zhu (Omega, 31(5):397–408, 2003). China’s regions in 2014 can be categorized into five levels of TFEE frontiers, and almost two-thirds of Chinese regions can target the domestic benchmarks to improve their energy efficiency.
KeywordsContext-dependent data envelopment analysis (CD-DEA) Frontier levels Total-factor energy efficiency (TFEE) Russell-based directional distance function (RDDF) Undesirable outputs
- Bi, G.B., W. Song and J. Wu (2014), “A Clustering Method for Evaluating the Environmental Performance based on Slacks-based Measure,” Computers & Industrial Engineering, 72, 169–177.Google Scholar
- Chang, M.C. (2013), “A Comment on the Calculation of the Total-factor Energy Efficiency (TFEE) Index,” Energy Policy, 53, 500–504.Google Scholar
- Chung, Y.H., R. Färe and S. Grosskopf (1997), “Productivity and Undesirable Outputs: A Directional Distance Function Approach,” Journal of Environmental Management, 51, 229–240.Google Scholar
- Färe, R. and S. Grosskopf (2010), “Directional Distance Functions and Slacks-Based Measures of Efficiency,” European Journal of Operational Research, 200, 320–322.Google Scholar
- Färe, R., S. Grosskopf and D. Tyteca (1996), “An Activity Analysis Model of the Environmental Performance of Firms—Application to Fossil-Fuel-Fired Electric Utilities,” Ecological Economics, 18, 161–175.Google Scholar
- Färe, R. and C.A.K. Lovell (1978), “Measuring the Technical Efficiency of Production,” Journal of Economic Theory, 19, 150–162.Google Scholar
- Hu, J.L. and T.P. Chang (2016a), “Total-factor Energy Efficiency and Its Extensions: Introduction, Computation and Application,” in Data Envelopment Analysis: A Handbook of Empirical Studies and Applications, edited by Joe Zhu, pp. 45–69, Springer.Google Scholar
- Hu, J.L. and T.P. Chang (2016b), “Energy and Pollution Efficiencies in China’s Regions,” in China’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation: Household Behaviour, Legislation, Regional Analysis and Impacts, edited by Elspeth Thomson and Bin Su, pp. 61–74, Springer.Google Scholar
- Hu, J.L., H.J. Sheu and S.F. Lo (2005), “Under the Shadow of Asian Brown Clouds: The Unbalanced Regional Productivities in China and Environmental Concerns,” International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 12(4), 429–442.Google Scholar
- Hu, J.L. and S.C. Wang (2006), “Total-Factor Energy Efficiency of Regions in China,” Energy Policy, 34(17), 3206–3217.Google Scholar
- Lei, X. (1996), “Analysis of the Income Situation of the Chinese Peasantry since Reform and Openness,” Chinese Economic Studies, 29(6), 62–67.Google Scholar
- Liu, J. S. Dong, Y. Li, Q. Mao, J. Li and J. Wang (2012), “Spatial Analysis on the Contribution of Industrial Structural Adjustment to Regional Energy Efficiency: A Case Study of 31 Provinces across China,” Journal of Resources and Ecology, 3(2), 129–137.Google Scholar
- Myllyvirta, L. (2016), “New Trends in China Energy Consumption,” Greenpeace. Downloaded from https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/PPT_Lauri-Myllyvirta.pdf. Accessed on June 15, 2017.
- National Bureau of Statistics of China (2015), China Statistical Yearbook 2015, Beijing. Website: http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2015/indexeh.htm.
- Ouellette, P. and V. Vierstraete (2004), “Technological Change and Efficiency in the Presence of Quasi-fixed Inputs: a DEA Application to the Hospital Sector,” European Journal of Operation Research, 154, 755–763.Google Scholar
- Seiford, L.M. and J. Zhu (2003), “Context-dependent Data Envelopment Analysis Measuring Attractiveness and Progress,” Omega, 31(5), 397–408.Google Scholar
- Shan, H. (2008), “Reestimating the Capital Stock of China: 1952–2006,” Journal of Quantitative &Technical Economics, 10, 17–31. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Wei, Y. and H. Liao (2016), Energy Economics: Energy Efficiency in China, Springer.Google Scholar
- Wu, J., Q. Zhu and L. Liang (2016), “CO2 Emissions and Energy Intensity Reduction Allocation over Provincial Industrial Sectors in China,” Applied Energy, 166, 282–291.Google Scholar