Emergence of Organisms from Ordered Mesoscopic States of Water (Liquids)—Physical Instead of Chemical Origin of Life



The origin of life enigma still baffles scientists. Since contemporary biology is strongly based on molecular (biochemical) outlook on life and there is an apparently insurmountable abyss between the chaos of random complex chemical systems and high orderliness of organisms, it is difficult to picture a stable path from the inanimate nature to full life. The question becomes much easier to handle, if we consider life (organisms) based not only on (bio)chemistry but also on endogenous coherent electromagnetic fields and partially ordered water. This was postulated, researched and also to some measure empirically proven by many authors. In contrast to the chemical level, this level of life may be called the physical level. It interacts in an orderly fashion with the chemical level and via this interaction active ordered and dispersed information characterizing life may emerge. The quantum field theoretical consideration of pure water postulates that even at room temperature miniscule compartments (so called coherent domains) of highly ordered water come out. In water solutions of ions and polar molecules these domains may become much more complex and may result in a higher level of orderliness called extended domains—coordinated clusters of basic coherent domains. They include coherent oscillations of electromagnetic field that may be resonantly connected to countless molecules and their interactions. Consequently, even in inanimate systems we may get a high orderliness that resembles the one of living beings. This does not hold only in theory or in very special systems, on the contrary, systems that demonstrate high orderliness and many striking similarities to organisms were either synthetically produced (coacervates, microspheres, bions) or even found in nature (nanobacteria, nanobes). If at least some of these systems has an open evolutionary path, they may be considered alive even if they lack chemical characteristics and preciseness of contemporary life.


  1. 1.
    Bischof, M. (1998). Holism and field theories in biology. Biophotons (pp. 375–394). Netherlands: Springer. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tzambazakis, A. (2015). The evolution of the biological field concept. In D. Fels M. Cifra & F. Scholkmann (Eds.), Fields of the cell (pp. 1–28).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Groth, W. (1975). Photochemical formation of organic compounds from mixtures of simple gases simulating the primitive atmosphere of the earth. BioSystems, 6, 229–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Miller, S. L., & Orgel, L. E. (1974). The origins of life on the Earth. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall Inc.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Walker, S. I., & Davies, P. C. W. (2013). The algorithmic origins of life. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 10, 20120869. Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goodwin, B. C. (1985). Developing organisms as self-organising fields. In: Mathematical essays on growth and the emergence of form (pp. 185–200). Edmonton: The University of Alberta Press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goodwin, B. C., Skelton, J. L., & Kirk-Bell, S. M. (1983). Control of regeneration and morphogenesis by divalent cations in Acetabularia mediterranea. Planta, 157(1), 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jaynes, E. T. (1957). Information theory and statistical mechanics. Physical Review, 106(4), 620.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Eigen, M., & Schuster, P. (1979). The hypercycle. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hordijk, W., Kauffman, S. A., & Steel, M. (2011). Required levels of catalysis for emergence of autocatalytic sets in models of chemical reaction systems. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 12(5), 3085–3101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Goodwin, B. C. (1984). A relational or field theory of reproduction and its evolutionary implications. Beyond NeoDarwinism (pp. 219–241). London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jerman, I., Leskovar, R. T., & Krašovec, R. (2009). Evidence for biofield. In: Philosophical insights about modern science (Vol. 9, pp. 199–216). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rubik, B. (2002). The biofield hypothesis: Its biophysical basis and role in medicine. The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 8(6), 703–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Meijer, D. K. F., & Geesink, H. J. H. (2016). Phonon guided biology. NeuroQuantology, 14(4), 718–755. Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fröhlich, H. (1975). The extraordinary dielectric properties of biological materials and the action of enzymes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 72, 4211–4215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fröhlich, H. (1988). Theoretical physics and biology. In H. Frohlich (Ed.), Biological coherence and response to external stimuli (pp. 1–24). Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jerman, I. (2016). The origin of life from quantum vacuum, water and polar molecules. American Journal of Modern Physics. Special Issue: Academic Research for Multidisciplinary, 5(4), 34–43.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fröhlich, H. (1978). Coherent electric vibrations in biological systems and the cancer problem. Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions, 26, 613–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Del Giudice, E., Preparata, G., & Vitiello, G. (1988). Water as a free electric dipole laser. Physical Review Letters, 61, 1085–1088.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Del Giudice, E., De Ninno, A., Fleischmann, M., Mengoli, G., Milani, M., Talpo, G., et al. (2005). Coherent quantum electrodynamics in living matter. Electromagnetic Biology & Medicine, 24, 199–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jelínek, F., Cifra, M., Pokorný, J., Vanis, J., Simsa, J., Hasek, J., et al. (2009). Measurement of electrical oscillations and mechanical vibrations of yeast cells membrane around 1 kHz. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 28(2), 223–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pollock, J. K., & Pohl, D. G. (1988). Emission of radiation of active cells. Biological coherence and response to external stimuli (pp. 139–147). Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bono, I. Del, Giudice, E., Gamberale, L., & Henry, M. (2012). Emergence of the coherent structure of liquid water. Water, 4, 510–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    De Ninno, A. (2017). Dynamics of formation of the exclusion zone near hydrophilic surfaces. Chemical Physics Letters, 667, 322–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pollack, G. H. (2013). The fourth phase of water. Seattle, USA: Ebner and Sons Publishers.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Oparin, A. I., & Gladilin, K. L. (1980). Evolution of self-assembly of probionts. BioSystems, 12, 133–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Brooke, S., & Fox, S. W. (1981). Compartmentalisation in proteinoid microspheres. BioSystems, 9, 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ishima, Y., Przybylski, A. T., & Fox, S. W. (1981). Electrical membrane phenomena in spherules from proteinoids and lecithin. Biosystems, 13, 243–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ovchinnikova, K., & Pollack, G. H. (2009). Can water store charge? Langmuir: The ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids, 25(1), 542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Del Giudice, E., et al. (2005). Coherent quantum electrodynamics in living matter. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 24, 199–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Del Giudice, E., Spinetti, P. R., & Tedeschi, A. (2010). Water dynamics at the root of metamorphosis in living organisms. Water, 2, 566–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Arani, R., Bono, I., Giudice, E. D., & Preparata, G. (1995). QED coherence and the thermodynamics of water. International Journal of Modern Physics B, 9, 1813–1842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Del Giudice, E., & Tedeschi, A. (2009). Water and autocatalysis in living matter. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 28, 46–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Del Giudice, E., & Preparata, G. (1998). Electrodynamical like-charge attractions in metastable colloidal crystallites. Modern Physics Letters B, 12, 881–886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Vitiello, G. (2009). Coherent states, fractals and brain waves. New Mathematics and Natural Computation (NMNC), 5, 245–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Scholes, G. D. (2010). Quantum-coherent electronic energy transfer: Did nature think of it first? The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 1, 2–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kajander, E. (2006). Nanobacteria—propagating calcifying nanoparticles. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 42(6), 549–552.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Martel, J., Peng, H. H., Young, D., Wu, C. Y., & Young, J. D. (2014). Of nanobacteria, nanoparticles, biofilms and their role in health and disease: Facts, fancy and future. Nanomedicine, 9(4), 483–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Young, J. D., & Martel, J. (2010). The rise and fall of nanobacteria. Scientific American, 302(1), 52–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Martel, J., Young, D., Peng, H.-H., Wu, C.-Y., & Young, J. D. (2012). Biomimetic properties of minerals and the search for life in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science, 40, 167–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Yaghobee, S., Bayani, M., Samiei, N., & Jahedmanesh, N. (2015). What are the nanobacteria? Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 29(5), 826–833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Wu, C.-Y., Young, L., Young, D., Martel, J., & Young, J. D. (2013). Bions: A family of biomimetic mineralo-organic complexes derived from biological fluids. PloS One, 8(9), e75501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    García-Ruiz, J. M., Melero-García, E., & Hyde, S. T. (2009). Morphogenesis of self-assembled nanocrystalline materials of barium carbonate and silica. Science, 323, 362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Lin, Y., Zheng, R., He, H., Du, H., & Lin, Y. (2009). Application of biomimetic mineralization: A prophylactic therapy for cracked teeth? Medical Hypotheses, 73(4), 493–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Reich, W. (1938). The bion experiments on the origin of life. Amazon, ISBN-13: 978-0374514464.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
  47. 47.
    Elia, V., Yinnon, T. A., Oliva, R., Napoli, E., Germano, R., Bobba, F., et al. (2017). Chiral micron-sized H2O aggregates in water: Circular dichroism of supramolecular H2O architectures created by perturbing pure water. Water, 8, 1–29.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute BionLjubljanaSlovenia

Personalised recommendations