Using the Principle of Translational Medicine to Improve the Posterior “Hook-Screw” Atlantoaxial Fixation

  • Jun Yang
  • Qunfeng Guo
Part of the Translational Medicine Research book series (TRAMERE)


This chapter describes the basic principle of translational medicine and its application to the posterior “hook-nail” atlantoaxial fixation technique.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and Shanghai Jiao Tong University Press 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Yang
    • 1
  • Qunfeng Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopedicsChangzheng HospitalShanghaiChina

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