Methods of Photometric and Radiometric Measurements

  • Michael BukshtabEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 209)


The ability of any flow of optical radiation to make energy actions is identified by the statistical average of the Poynting vector designated as the optical vector satisfying (Eq.  1.3).

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Optoelectronics Research CentreUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

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