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Multiple Sclerosis Presenting with Bilateral Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia (INO)

  • An-Guor Wang
Chapter

Abstract

A 37-year-old male reported suffering with blurred vision OU for a long time. He was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis at a local hospital approximately 4 years ago. He had received methylprednisolone treatment, but dizziness persisted. He then visited our Neurology department complaining of dizziness and loss of balance for 8 months. He also cited experiencing blurry vision, motion and speech slowness, poor appetite, and hand tremors. Ophthalmic consultation reported a visual acuity of 6/20 in the right eye and 6/15 in the left. Moderate limitation of adduction was noted in both eyes (Fig. 34.1). Both eyes showed dissociated abducting nystagmus (Video 34.1). Slit lamp and fundoscopic examinations were normal. The visual field was full in both eyes. MR imaging of the brain showed multiple abnormal high signals on T2WI involving bilateral deep white matter, corpus callosum, occipital periventricular regions, and periaqueductal regions of the pons and medulla (Fig. 34.2). The patient also underwent a lumbar puncture with opening and closing pressures of 108 and 57 mmH2O, respectively. IgG index was 2.7. He also received thiamine treatment, but this treatment was not effective per the patient. He was discharged under the impression of multiple sclerosis.

Supplementary material

Video 34.1

(MOV 34060 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • An-Guor Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyTaipei Veterans General Hospital, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Yun-San Ophthalmology Education Research FoundationTaipeiTaiwan

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