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Development of Rice Breeding and Cultivation Technology Tailored for Kenya’s Environment

  • Daigo Makihara
  • John Kimani
  • Hiroaki Samejima
  • Mayumi Kikuta
  • Daniel Menge
  • Kazuyuki Doi
  • Yoshiaki Inukai
  • Masahiko Maekawa
  • Tsugiyuki Masunaga
  • Yuka Sasaki
  • Keisuke Katsura
  • Hidemi Kitano
  • Shiro Mitsuya
  • Mana Kano-Nakata
  • Cornelius Wainaina
  • Emily Gichuhi
  • Symon Njinju
  • Sammy Kagito
  • Rahab Magoti
  • Caroline Kundu
  • Akira YamauchiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In many sub-Saharan African countries, it is fundamental to boost rice production because the increased rice consumption exceeds the growth in domestic rice production. Kenya has currently implemented a policy to double its rice production which, however, has been suffering from serious constraints. Nagoya University and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, in collaboration with other Japanese and Kenyan research institutions, have identified several biotic and abiotic stresses such as drought, cold temperatures at high elevations, high salinity, low soil fertility, and rice blast disease as such constraints and then initiated an international joint research project titled “The project on rice research for tailor-made breeding and cultivation technology development in Kenya” from May 22, 2013, to May 21, 2018. Using technologies such as molecular breeding and DNA marker-assisted selection, the project has advanced the development of rice varieties carrying useful genes/QTL to overcome stress conditions in Kenya. For phenotyping and examination of incorporated gene/QTL expression, we have developed unique evaluation systems for plant adaptability against drought, low temperatures, high salinity, low fertility, and rice blast disease in Kenya. After assessing current cultivation practices and environments, the project aimed to develop cultivation technologies that maximize the potential of rice varieties carrying useful genes/QTL. Eventually, superior varieties and customized cultivation technology will be disseminated to the farmers. The project has also assisted the development of human resources for rice research both in Kenya and Japan. Based upon our research, we will persist in our efforts to establish an international network as a framework for variety improvement and cultivation technology development customized to the sub-Saharan African environment.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daigo Makihara
    • 1
  • John Kimani
    • 2
  • Hiroaki Samejima
    • 3
  • Mayumi Kikuta
    • 4
  • Daniel Menge
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kazuyuki Doi
    • 5
  • Yoshiaki Inukai
    • 1
  • Masahiko Maekawa
    • 6
  • Tsugiyuki Masunaga
    • 7
  • Yuka Sasaki
    • 8
  • Keisuke Katsura
    • 9
  • Hidemi Kitano
    • 10
  • Shiro Mitsuya
    • 5
  • Mana Kano-Nakata
    • 11
  • Cornelius Wainaina
    • 5
    • 12
  • Emily Gichuhi
    • 2
    • 13
  • Symon Njinju
    • 2
  • Sammy Kagito
    • 2
  • Rahab Magoti
    • 14
  • Caroline Kundu
    • 15
    • 16
  • Akira Yamauchi
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.International Center for Research and Education in AgricultureNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research OrganizationIndustrial Crops Research Institute – MweaKerugoyaKenya
  3. 3.Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  4. 4.Applied Social System Institute of AsiaNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of Bioagricultural SciencesNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  6. 6.Institute of Plant Science and ResourcesOkayama UniversityKurashikiJapan
  7. 7.Faculty of Life and Environmental SciencesShimane UniversityMatsueJapan
  8. 8.Faculty of AgricultureYamagata UniversityTsuruokaJapan
  9. 9.Graduate School of AgricultureTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  10. 10.Bioscience and Biotechnology CenterNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  11. 11.Institute for Advanced ResearchNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  12. 12.Department of HorticultureJomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and TechnologyNairobiKenya
  13. 13.Graduate School of Environmental and Life ScienceOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  14. 14.Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research OrganizationFood Crops Research Institute – EmbuEmbuKenya
  15. 15.The United Graduated School of Agricultural SciencesTottori University (in Shimane University)MatsueJapan
  16. 16.Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research OrganizationNon-Ruminant Research Institute – KakamegaKakamegaKenya

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