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Scope of Nanoparticles in Environmental Toxicant Remediation

  • Anupam Dhasmana
  • Swati Uniyal
  • Vivek Kumar
  • Sanjay Gupta
  • Kavindra Kumar Kesari
  • Shafiul Haque
  • Mohtashim Lohani
  • Jaya Pandey
Chapter

Abstract

The requirement and need of novel techniques to speed up the sanitization of polluted and adulterated sites and reduction in the expenses of these methods is a growing concern. The application of nanoparticles, predominantly the iron nanoparticles, as a pioneering and inventive technique to decontaminate the adulterated sites has received attention and consideration in recent times. Though, all over the world, many research studies have been carried on nanoparticles, diminutive level of knowledge is realized about their performance, actions, and conduct in the soil and in aquatic habitats, their adsorption on soil mineral particles, and communication with soil microbes.

Industrial sectors, which are involved in the manufacturing of display, optical and photonic products, semiconductors, memory and storage devices, nano-biotechnology equipment (energy aspects), and health care goods, generate most of the products that contain nanoparticles. On the other hand, nanotechnology is a technique which has been employed as an environmental know-how to guard the nature through prevention, handling, curing, and cleanup of pollution. In this chapter, we have focused on the environmental toxicant cleanup and discuss a background and overview of the existing practices related to the remediation. The research findings; social issues; probable environmental, human health, and safety repercussions; and future thoughts for remediation using nanotechnology are also discussed. Here, we also discuss nanoscale zerovalent iron in some detail. The technique of nanoremediation has the capacity to lessen the total costs of decontamination at the bigger polluted sites. Moreover, the purpose of this technique is also to reduce the cleanup duration, eradicate the treatment requirement and dumping of the contaminated soil, and also lessen contaminant amount to almost zero. Further, we believe that suitable evaluation of nanoremediation approaches, especially the large-scale environmental studies, also need to be addressed to avoid and counteract any probable hostile environmental effects.

Keywords

Nanoparticles Remediation Toxicants Environment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anupam Dhasmana
    • 1
  • Swati Uniyal
    • 2
  • Vivek Kumar
    • 1
  • Sanjay Gupta
    • 1
  • Kavindra Kumar Kesari
    • 3
  • Shafiul Haque
    • 4
  • Mohtashim Lohani
    • 4
  • Jaya Pandey
    • 5
  1. 1.Himalayan School of BiosciencesSwami Rama Himalayan UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.School of BiotechnologyGautam Buddh UniversityGreater NoidaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Applied PhysicsAalto UniversityEspooFinland
  4. 4.Research and Scientific Unit, College of Nursing & Allied Health SciencesJazan UniversityJazanKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  5. 5.Amity University Uttar Pradesh CampusLucknowIndia

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