Changes in Ground Beetle and Bird Species After Farmland Abandonment

  • Satoshi Yamanaka
  • Masashi Hanioka
  • Futoshi Nakamura
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Abstract

Wetlands have been greatly reduced by agriculture expansion and have become one of the most endangered ecosystems in the world. On the other hand, depopulation and the aging of farmers in developed countries have recently led to an increase in abandoned farmland. These abandoned farmlands, which were originally back marshes, may be succeeded by natural vegetation, and their recovery may contribute to the restoration of habitat for wetland species. In this chapter, we examine whether abandoned farmland provides habitats for wetland species of two focal taxa (ground beetles and birds) and whether the effects of farmland abandonment differ between taxa. We compared the species composition of both taxa between abandoned farmland and wetlands (reference sites for restoration) and assessed the effects of landscape and local factors on species composition. Our results indicated that the species richness and abundance of wetland species of both taxa were similar between abandoned farmland and wetlands. A landscape variable, area of abandoned farmland, affected the species composition of birds only, whereas local environmental factors affected the compositions of both taxa. These observed differences in the responses of the taxa to farmland abandonment could be related to taxon-specific traits such as environmental requirements or dispersal abilities. Our findings suggest that natural recovery of abandoned farmland can provide an opportunity for efficient restoration of wetland species. The natural recovery of wetland vegetation and ground beetle in the abandoned farmland should contribute to an increase of food and breeding habitat of red-crowned crane. Additional information regarding the responses of other taxa to farmland abandonment is needed to implement successful conservation and restoration projects using abandoned farmland.

Keywords

Biodiversity Birds Carabidae Farmland abandonment Species richness Rewilding Wetland 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank M. Senzaki for the helping comments. We also thank the farmers who allowed us to survey on their land. This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows [Number 25-4354] and The Environment Research and Technology Development Fund of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan [Number D-1201].

References

  1. Barbaro L, Rossi J-P, Vetillard F, Nezan J, Jactel H (2007) The spatial distribution of birds and carabid beetles in pine plantation forests: the role of landscape composition and structure. J Biogeogr 34(4):652–664. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01656.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benayas JR, Martins A, Nicolau JM, Schulz JJ (2007) Abandonment of agricultural land: an overview of drivers and consequences. CAB Rev Perspect Agric Vet Sci Nutr Nat Resour 2:1–14Google Scholar
  3. Bohan DA, Boursault A, Brooks DR, Petit S (2011) National-scale regulation of the weed seedbank by carabid predators. J Appl Ecol 48(4):888–898. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02008.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boitani L, Linnell JDC (2015) Bringing large mammals back: large carnivores in Europe. In: Pereira HM, Navarro LM (eds) Rewilding european landscapes. Springer, pp 67–84. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12039-3_4 Google Scholar
  5. Carignan V, Villard MA (2002) Selecting indicator species to monitor ecological integrity: a review. Environ Monit Assess 78(1):45–61. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016136723584 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Cramer VA, Hobbs RJ, Standish RJ (2008) What's new about old fields? Land abandonment and ecosystem assembly. Trends Ecol Evol 23(2):104–112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2007.10.005 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Davidson NC (2014) How much wetland has the world lost? Long-term and recent trends in global wetland area. Mar Freshw Res 65(10):934–941. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF14173 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davis SK (2004) Area sensitivity in grassland passerines: effects of patch size, patch shape, and vegetation structure on bird abundance and occurrence in southern Saskatchewan. Auk 121(4):1130–1145. https://doi.org/10.1642/0004-8038(2004)121[1130:Asigpe]2.0.Co;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. de Groot RS, Blignaut J, van der Ploeg S, Aronson J, Elmqvist T, Farley J (2013) Benefits of investing in ecosystem restoration. Conserv Biol 27(6):1286–1293. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12158 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ellis EC, Goldewijk KK, Siebert S, Lightman D, Ramankutty N (2010) Anthropogenic transformation of the biomes, 1700 to 2000. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 19(5):589–606. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00540.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Flohre A, Fischer C, Aavik T, Bengtsson J, Berendse F, Bommarco R, Ceryngier P, Clement LW, Dennis C, Eggers S, Emmerson M, Geiger F, Guerrero I, Hawro V, Inchausti P, Liira J, Morales MB, Oñate JJ, Pärt T, Weisser WW, Winqvist C, Thies C, Tscharntke T (2011) Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids, and birds. Ecol Appl 21(5):1772–1781. https://doi.org/10.1890/10-0645.1 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Fujita H, Igarashi Y, Hotes S, Takada M, Inoue T, Kaneko M (2009) An inventory of the mires of Hokkaido, Japan—their development, classification, decline, and conservation. Plant Ecol 200(1):9–36. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-007-9267-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gardner TA, Barlow J, Araujo IS, Ávila-Pires TC, Bonaldo AB, Costa JE, Esposito MC, Ferreira LV, Hawes J, Hernandez MIM, Hoogmoed MS, Leite RN, Lo-Man-Hung NF, Malcolm JR, Martins MB, Mestre LAM, Miranda-Santos R, Overal WL, Parry L, Peters SL, Ribeiro-Junior MA, Da Silva MNF, Da Silva Motta C, Peres CA (2008) The cost-effectiveness of biodiversity surveys in tropical forests. Ecol Lett 11(2):139–150. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01133.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Gardner RC, Barchiesi S, Beltrame C, Finlayson CM, Galewski T, Harrison I, Paganini M, Perennou C, Pritchard D, Rosenqvist A, Walpole M (2015) State of the world’s wetlands and their services to people: a compilation of recent analyses, Ramsar Briefing Note No.7. Ramsar Convention Secretariat, GlandGoogle Scholar
  15. Görn S, Schulze F, Fischer K (2015) Effects of fen management on bird communities in north-eastern Germany. J Ornithol 156(1):287–296. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-014-1125-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Huk T, Kuhne B (1999) Substrate selection by Carabus clatratus (Coleoptera, Carabidae) and its consequences for offspring development. Oecologia 121(3):348. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050938 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Kennerley P, Pearson D (2010) Reed and bush warblers. Christopher Helm, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Klimkowska A, Van Diggelen R, Bakker JP, Grootjans AP (2007) Wet meadow restoration in Western Europe: a quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of several techniques. Biol Conserv 140(3–4):318–328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2007.08.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Koivula MJ (2011) Useful model organisms, indicators, or both? Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) reflecting environmental conditions. Zookeys 100:287–317. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.100.1533 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lindenmayer D, Hobbs RJ, Montague-Drake R, Alexandra J, Bennett A, Burgman M, Cale P, Calhoun A, Cramer V, Cullen P, Driscoll D, Fahrig L, Fischer J, Franklin J, Haila Y, Hunter M, Gibbons P, Lake S, Luck G, MacGregor C, McIntyre S, Nally RM, Manning A, Miller J, Mooney H, Noss R, Possingham H, Saunders D, Schmiegelow F, Scott M, Simberloff D, Sisk T, Tabor G, Walker B, Wiens J, Woinarski J, Zavaleta E (2008) A checklist for ecological management of landscapes for conservation. Ecol Lett 11(1):78–91. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01114.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Martay B, Hughes F, Doberski J (2012) A comparison of created and ancient fenland using ground beetles as a measure of conservation value. Insect Conserv Divers 5(4):251–263. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2011.00159.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ministry of Environment of Japan (2015) Nature restoration project in Kushiro Shitsugen Wetland. http://kushiro.env.gr.jp/saisei/. Accessed 18 Jan 2016
  23. Navarro L, Pereira H (2012) Rewilding abandoned landscapes in Europe. Ecosystems 15(6):900–912. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-012-9558-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Norris K (2008) Agriculture and biodiversity conservation: opportunity knocks. Conserv Lett 1(1):2–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00007.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Oksanen J, Blanchet FG, Roeland K, Legendre P, Minchin PR, O’Hara RB, Simpson GL, Solymos P, Stevens MHH, Wagner H (2015) Vegan: community ecology package. https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/vegan/index.html. Accessed 18 Jan 2016
  26. Pardo MT, Esteve MA, Gimenez A, Martinez-Fernandez J, Carreno MF, Serrano J, Minano J (2008) Assessment of hydrological alterations on wandering beetle assemblages (coleoptera : Carabidae and Tenebrionidae) in coastal wetlands of arid Mediterranean systems. J Arid Environ 72(10):1803–1810. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2008.05.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Policy Department of Hokkaido Prefecture (2015) Census for agriculture and forestry of Hokkaido. http://www.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp/ss/tuk/026caf/index.htm?wbc_purpose=Basic. Accessed Jan 18 2016
  28. Quesnelle PE, Lindsay KE, Fahrig L (2015) Relative effects of landscape-scale wetland amount and landscape matrix quality on wetland vertebrates: a meta-analysis. Ecol Appl 25(3):812–825. https://doi.org/10.1890/14-0362.1 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Rainio J, Niemelä J (2003) Ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) as bioindicators. Biodivers Conserv 12(3):487–506. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022412617568
  30. Renwick A, Jansson T, Verburg PH, Revoredo-Giha C, Britz W, Gocht A, McCracken D (2013) Policy reform and agricultural land abandonment in the EU. Land Use Policy 30(1):446–457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.04.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Riley KN, Browne RA (2011) Changes in ground beetle diversity and community composition in age structured forests (Coleoptera, Carabidae). ZooKeys 147:601–621. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.147.2102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Secretariat of Convention on Biological Diversity (2010) Aichi Biodiversity Targets. https://www.cbd.int/sp/targets/. Accessed 6 Oct 2015
  33. Sekercioglu CH (2006) Increasing awareness of avian ecological function. Trends Ecol Evol 21(8):464–471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2006.05.007 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Sirami C, Brotons L, Burfield I, Fonderflick J, Martin J-L (2008) Is land abandonment having an impact on biodiversity? A meta-analytical approach to bird distribution changes in the north-western Mediterranean. Biol Conserv 141(2):450–459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2007.10.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Söderström B, Svensson B, Vessby K, Glimskär A (2001) Plants, insects and birds in semi-natural pastures in relation to local habitat and landscape factors. Biodivers Conserv 10(11):1839–1863. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013153427422 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tanentzap AJ, Lamb A, Walker S, Farmer A (2015) Resolving conflicts between agriculture and the natural environment. PLoS Biol 13(9):e1002242. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002242 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Terui A, Akasaka T, Negishi JN, Uemura F, Nakamura F (2016) Species-specific use of allochthonous resources by ground beetles (Carabidae) at a river–land interface. Ecol Res 32(1):27–35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-016-1413-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Torres A, Jaeger JAG, Alonso JC (2016) Assessing large-scale wildlife responses to human infrastructure development. Proc Natl Acad Sci 113(30):8472–8477. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1522488113 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. Townsend CR (2007) Ecological applications: toward a sustainable world. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, MaldenGoogle Scholar
  40. United Nations (2016) Population Division. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/theme/trends/index.shtml. Accessed 3 Feb 2016
  41. Vasconcelos H (1999) Effects of forest disturbance on the structure of ground-foraging ant communities in central Amazonia. Biodivers Conserv 8(3):407–418. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008891710230 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zedler JB, Kercher S (2005) Wetland resources: status, trends, ecosystem services, and restorability. Annu Rev Environ Resour 30:39–74. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.30.050504.144248 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satoshi Yamanaka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Masashi Hanioka
    • 2
  • Futoshi Nakamura
    • 2
  1. 1.Hokkaido Research Center, Forestry and Forest Products Research InstituteSapporoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Personalised recommendations