Measures to Address Japan’s Low Birth Rate

  • Tatsuo Hatta


A well-known Masuda Report, published in 2014, proposed that Japan’s birth rate could be increased by encouraging the migration of young people from the Tokyo Metropolitan Area (TMA) to regional areas. The chapters in this section demonstrate that this proposal is based on a misreading of the facts.

Masayuki Nakagawa demonstrates that the birth rate is lower in the inner city than in the suburbs in most major metropolitan areas, and that the birth rates of many regional cities are lower than those of suburban cities in the TMA. Because of this, the migration of young people to regional areas would not increase Japan’s fertility rate.

Wataru Suzuki shows that improvement of the system of regional public finances would boost the fertility rate of the nation as a whole.


Childcare Fertility rate Low birth rate Marriage Tokyo metropolis 


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  5. Nakagawa, Masayuki (2018), “Marriage and Childcare in the Metropolitan Areas: A Comparison of Sapporo City and the Greater Fukuoka Area,” in T. Hatta (ed.), Economic Challenges Facing Japan’s Regional Areas, Plagrave Macmillan, pp. 137–143.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatsuo Hatta
    • 1
  1. 1.Asian Growth Research InstituteFukuokaJapan

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