Writing an Abstract

  • Nithya GogtayEmail author
  • Shobna J. Bhatia


The Merriam–Webster dictionary defines an abstract as ‘a brief written statement of the main points or facts in a longer report …’ [1]. In a research paper, the abstract is a concise, selective summary of the entire contents of a study.


  1. 1.
    Merriam–Webster Dictionary. Accessed 9 Nov 2015.
  2. 2.
    Taddio A, Pain T, Fassos FF, Boon H, Ilersich AL, Einarson TR. Quality of nonstructured and structured abstracts of original research articles in the British Medical Journal, the Canadian Medical Association Journal and the Journal of the American Medical Association. CMAJ. 1994;150:1611–5.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Andrade C. How to write a good abstract for a scientific paper or a conference presentation. Indian J Psychiatry. 2011;53:172–5.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Ferrero F. Writing a scientific paper abstract. Arch Argent Pediatr. 2015;113:104–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Hopewell S, Clarke M, Moher D, Wager E, Middleton P, Altman DG, et al. the CONSORT Group. CONSORT for reporting randomised trials in journal and conference abstracts. Lancet. 2008;371:281–3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Hutton B, Salanti G, Caldwell DM, Chaimani A, Schmid CH, Cameron C, et al. The PRISMA extension statement for reporting of systematic reviews incorporating network meta-analyses of health care interventions: checklist and explanations. Ann Intern Med. 2015;162:777–84.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Medical Journal of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical PharmacologySeth GS Medical College and KEM HospitalMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologySeth GS Medical College and KEM HospitalMumbaiIndia

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