The Results Section

  • Rakesh Aggarwal
  • Peush Sahni


The Results section is the part of a research paper that answers the third of the four questions of Sir Austin Bradford Hill, namely, ‘What did you find’ [1]. It follows the Methods section, which has already answered the question ‘What did you do?’ [1]. It is therefore logical that results of all the steps enumerated in the Methods must be provided, preferably in the same sequence as their description in the Methods. Also, it is expected that all results would have corresponding methods described and that no new data would suddenly appear in the Results section.


  1. 1.
    Bradford Hill A. The reasons for writing. Br Med J. 1965;2:870–1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    CONSORT. Accessed 24 Apr 2015.
  3. 3.
    Briscoe MH. Preparing scientific illustrations: a guide to better posters, presentations and publications. 2nd ed. San Francisco: Springer; 1995.Google Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Moher D, Schulz KF, Altman DG. The CONSORT statement: revised recommendations for improving the quality of reports of parallel-group randomised trials. Lancet. 2001;357:1191–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Medical Journal of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Peush Sahni
    • 2
  1. 1.Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology and Department of GastroenterologySanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknowIndia
  2. 2.The National Medical Journal of India and Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery and Liver TransplantationAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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