Most epidemiological data on incidence and prevalence provide an extrapolation based on the numbers collected in some clinical centers or based on assumptions about the mean life expectancy of individuals after spinal cord injury. There is also insufficient information whether patients with cauda equina or conus medullaris lesions are classified as spinal cord injury and included in the epidemiological data analysis or not. Most of the epidemiological data describe spinal cord injury due to traumatic injuries. However, it is necessary to include nontraumatic spinal cord injuries with increasing aging population.
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